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南海北部夏、冬季今生颗石藻分布

孙军 刘海娇 李欣 冯媛媛

孙军, 刘海娇, 李欣, 冯媛媛. 南海北部夏、冬季今生颗石藻分布[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 1-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.001
引用本文: 孙军, 刘海娇, 李欣, 冯媛媛. 南海北部夏、冬季今生颗石藻分布[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 1-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.001
Sun Jun, Liu Haijiao, Li Xin, Feng Yuanyuan. Distribution of living coccolithophores in the northern South China Sea in summer and winter[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 1-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.001
Citation: Sun Jun, Liu Haijiao, Li Xin, Feng Yuanyuan. Distribution of living coccolithophores in the northern South China Sea in summer and winter[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 1-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.001

南海北部夏、冬季今生颗石藻分布

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.001
基金项目: 新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-12-1065);国家重点基础研究发展计划(2015CB954002);国家自然科学基金(41176136,41276124)。

Distribution of living coccolithophores in the northern South China Sea in summer and winter

  • 摘要: 本研究对2009年南海北部(17°~24°N,108°~122°E)夏季和2010年冬季的颗石藻群落结构进行了描述。颗石藻镜检工作以偏光显微镜为主,并辅助于扫描电镜进行物种的鉴定与计数,共鉴定物种11属13种。总体来说,冬季的颗石藻细胞丰度明显高于夏季,夏季细胞丰度介于0.3×103~71.8×103 cells/L之间,平均丰度6.0×103 cells/L;冬季介于0.3×103~64.4×103 cells/L之间,平均丰度6.7×103 cells/L。夏季多样性指数和均匀度指数分别介于0.30~1.98和0.30~0.99之间,冬季分别介于0.51~2.25和0.33~0.99之间。夏季颗石藻细胞表层丰度分布规律不显著,冬季颗石藻分布高值区位于珠江口的外海站位;垂直分布上,颗石藻细胞丰度高值通常出现于次表层水体。调查期间颗石藻类群出现的优势种为纤细伞球藻(Umbellosphaera tenuis(Kamptner) Paasche)、赫氏艾密里藻(Emiliania huxleyi(Lohmann) Hay et Mohler)以及大洋桥石藻(Gephyrocapsa oceanica Kamptner)。典范对应分析(Canonical Correspondence Analysis,CCA)结果表明,夏季优势种赫氏艾密里藻和大洋桥石藻与大部分环境因子呈正相关关系,冬季响应特征不同。
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-18
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-08

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