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2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位及其生态分化

宋晨 孟周 王晓波 韩庆喜

宋晨,孟周,王晓波,等. 2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位及其生态分化[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(x):1–12
引用本文: 宋晨,孟周,王晓波,等. 2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位及其生态分化[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(x):1–12
Song Chen,Meng Zhou,Wang Xiaobo, et al. Ecological niches and ecological differentiation of dominant zooplankton species in Zhoushan waters during the summer of 2019-2020[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(x):1–12
Citation: Song Chen,Meng Zhou,Wang Xiaobo, et al. Ecological niches and ecological differentiation of dominant zooplankton species in Zhoushan waters during the summer of 2019-2020[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(x):1–12

2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位及其生态分化

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(42076156,41676139)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    宋晨(1999-),男,河南省商丘市人,主要从事底栖生态学研究。E-mail: 1158145369@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    韩庆喜, 副研究员,主要从事底栖生态学研究。E-mail: hanqingxi@nbu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S963.21+4

Ecological niches and ecological differentiation of dominant zooplankton species in Zhoushan waters during the summer of 2019-2020

  • 摘要: 为了解舟山海域浮游动物种间关系及环境因子变化对优势种生态位分化的影响,根据2019年夏季和2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物调查资料,利用优势度指数判断该海域浮游动物优势种,运用Shannon公式和Pianka公式分析浮游动物优势种生态位宽度和生态位重叠指数,采用冗余分析方法探究影响舟山海域两年浮游动物优势种生态位分化的主要环境因子。结果表明,舟山海域2019、2020年浮游动物优势种更替率为66.67%。根据舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位宽度值,可将其分为广生态位种、中生态位种、窄生态位种,2019年广生态位种有4种,2020年有6种,分别占两年浮游动物优势种的66.67%和60.00%,表明广生态位种是舟山海域浮游动物优势种的主要组成成分。2019年浮游动物优势种生态位重叠指数范围为0.11~0.79,2020年生态位重叠指数范围为0~0.98。冗余分析分析表明,2019年浮游动物优势种生态位分化主要受硅酸盐浓度、化学需氧量、温度和叶绿素a浓度的影响,2020年浮游动物优势种生态位分化主要受硅酸盐和溶解氧浓度的影响。该研究有望进一步了解舟山海域浮游动物群落的种间关系,以及阐述浮游动物对环境变化的适应机制等研究提供了数据基础和科学依据。
  • 图  1  2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物采样站位示意图

    Fig.  1  Zooplankton sampling station in Zhoushan waters during the summer of 2019 to 2020

    图  2  2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种RDA 排序图

    sp1. 针刺真浮萤;sp2. 针刺拟哲水蚤;sp3. 夜光虫;sp4. 桡足类桡足幼体;sp5. 桡足类无节幼体;sp6.强额孔雀水蚤;sp7. 刺尾纺锤水蚤;sp8. 肥胖箭虫;sp9. 拟长腹剑水蚤;sp10. 刷状萤虾;sp11. 微驼隆哲水蚤;sp12. 中华哲水蚤

    Fig.  2  RDA ordination graphs of the dominant zooplankton species in Zhoushan waters during the summer of 2019-2020

    sp1. Euconchoecia aculeata; sp2. Paracalanus aculeatus; sp3. Noctiluca scintillans; sp4. Copepodid larva; sp5. Copepoda Nauplius larva; sp6. Parvocalanus crassirostris; sp7. Acartia spinicauda; sp8. Flaccisagitta enflata; sp9. Oithona simills; sp10. Lucifer penicillifer; sp11. Acrocalanus gracilis; sp12. Calanus sinicus

    表  1  2019-2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种情况

    Tab.  1  Predominant species of zooplankton in Zhoushan waters in summer 2019-2020

    序号物种2019年2020年
    出现频率/%优势度(Y)平均丰度/(ind∙m−3)出现频率/%优势度(Y)平均丰度/(ind∙m−3)
    1针刺拟哲水蚤 Paracalanus aculeatus83.330.160890.9500.051464.9
    2桡足类桡足幼体 Copepodid larva1000.132511.61000.280634.9
    3夜光虫 Noctiluca scintillans58.330.1071214.7
    4强额孔雀水蚤 Parvocalanus crassirostris58.330.042474.591.670.106286.2
    5桡足类无节幼体 Copepoda Nauplius larva1000.02491.091.670.02567.6
    6针刺真浮萤 Euconchoecia aculeata91.670.022109.0
    7刺尾纺锤水蚤 Acartia spinicauda1000.103233.4
    8微驼隆哲水蚤 Acrocalanus gracilis66.670.036181.6
    9拟长腹剑水蚤 Oithona simills91.670.03491.6
    10肥胖箭虫 Flaccisagitta enflata750.032127.5
    11中华哲水蚤 Calanus sinicus83.330.031100.2
    12刷状萤虾 Lucifer penicillifer 66.670.025128.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2019年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位宽度值和生态位重叠指数

    Tab.  2  Niche breadth and niche overlap index of dominant zooplankton species in Zhoushan waters in summer 2019

    序号物种BiOik
    123456
    1桡足类桡足幼体2.271
    2桡足类无节幼体2.230.791
    3强额孔雀水蚤1.750.600.631
    4针刺真浮萤1.600.580.520.291
    5夜光虫1.550.530.390.300.311
    6针刺拟哲水蚤1.470.590.680.720.170.111
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2020年夏季舟山海域浮游动物优势种生态位宽度值和生态位重叠指数

    Tab.  3  Niche breadth and niche overlap index of dominant zooplankton species in Zhoushan waters in summer 2020

    序号物种BiOik
    12345678910
    1桡足类桡足幼体2.341
    2中华哲水蚤1.920.561
    3桡足类无节幼体1.820.650.461
    4肥胖箭虫1.740.550.770.731
    5强额孔雀水蚤1.730.580.180.380.221
    6微驼隆哲水蚤1.610.480.340.620.450.221
    7拟长腹剑水蚤1.410.790.330.430.220.260.111
    8刺尾纺锤水蚤1.250.760.230.310.100.270.110.961
    9刷状萤虾0.760.270.180.260.170.100.870.020.091
    10针刺拟哲水蚤0.450.690.160.260.060.2300.970.9801
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2019-2020年夏季舟山海域环境因子

    Tab.  4  Environmental Factors of Zhoushan waters in summer 2019-2020

    环境因子2019年2020年p
    温度/℃26.64±1.8923.90±2.930.024
    盐度27.46±5.1625.42±6.380.317
    水深/m32.92±16.8033.25±16.960.730
    pH8.20±0.138.02±0.130.001
    DO浓度/(mg·L−17.59±1.257.08±1.920.406
    Chl a浓度/(μg·L−110.81±10.232.25±3.190.028
    SS浓度/(mg·L−149.10±36.8194.25±50.240.010
    COD/(mg·L−11.26±0.611.08±0.550.474
    PO4-P浓度/(mg·L−10.02±0.010.01±0.010.142
    TIN浓度/(mg·L−10.41±0.200.45±0.220.360
    SiO3-Si浓度/(mg·L−10.48±0.311.19±0.300.000
    注:DO:溶解氧;Chl a:叶绿素 a ;SS:悬浮物;COD:化学需氧量;PO 4-P:活性磷酸盐;TIN:总无机氮;SiO 3 -Si:活性硅酸盐。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  环境因子筛选结果

    Tab.  5  Results of the selection on environmental variables

    环境因子2019年2020年
    FpFp
    SiO3-Si浓度6.20.0083.60.022
    COD3.30.046
    温度40.018
    Chl a浓度5.20.014
    DO浓度3.40.044
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  舟山海域不同年份夏季浮游动物统计

    Tab.  6  Statistics of zooplankton in different years in Zhoushan waters

    年份种类数丰度/(ind.∙m−3 )生物量/(mg∙m−3)参考文献
    201170552.0487.7文献[1]
    201467143.97176.34文献[13]
    201696577.91124.7文献[14]
    2019873866.6本研究
    2020662269.2本研究
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-08
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-15

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