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西太平洋黑洞涡旋物质输运能力分析

田丰林 杨笑坤 刘潇 何遒 陈戈

田丰林,杨笑坤,刘潇,等. 西太平洋黑洞涡旋物质输运能力分析[J]. 海洋学报,2021,44(x):1–13
引用本文: 田丰林,杨笑坤,刘潇,等. 西太平洋黑洞涡旋物质输运能力分析[J]. 海洋学报,2021,44(x):1–13
Tian Fenglin,Yang Xiaokun,Liu Xiao, et al. Analysis of Black-Hole Eddy on Material Transport in the Western Pacific[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2021, 44(x):1–13
Citation: Tian Fenglin,Yang Xiaokun,Liu Xiao, et al. Analysis of Black-Hole Eddy on Material Transport in the Western Pacific[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2021, 44(x):1–13

西太平洋黑洞涡旋物质输运能力分析

基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2016YFC1401008,2016YFC1402608);国家自然科学基金重点项目(42030406);山东省海洋科技基金(2018SDKJ0102-08);国家重点研发计划(2017YFA0603203);自然资源部重点研究项目(KF202005085);中欧龙计划5科技合作项目(58393)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    田丰林(1978-),男,山东省青岛市人,博士,副教授,主要从事海洋信息可视化与海洋遥感工作.E-mail:tianfenglin@ouc.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    陈戈(1965-),男,博士,教授/博士生导师,主要从事海洋遥感与大数据工作。E-mail:gechen@ouc.edu.cn

Analysis of Black-Hole Eddy on Material Transport in the Western Pacific

  • 摘要: 基于椭圆型拉格朗日拟序结构(elliptic Lagrangian Coherent Structures, eLCSs)可以提取出黑洞涡旋,它具有较强的输运能力并且随流场长时间运动后仍保持连贯,类似于海洋中的“黑洞”,故被称为黑洞涡旋。本文基于地转流速度场数据,针对西太平洋中一个典型的黑洞涡旋(Eddy A)使用eLCSs的方法提取涡旋边界,并进行分析研究。利用海表温度(Sea Surface Temperature, SST)、海表盐度(Sea Surface Salinity, SSS)和叶绿素浓度(Chlorophyll concentration, CHL)数据分析验证Eddy A水平方向上物质输运的连贯性;使用Argo浮标得到的不同深度的温度、盐度和溶解氧(Dissolved Oxygen, DO)数据对Eddy A垂直方向的物质相干性进行分析验证。通过分析证明,在较长的时间尺度上,黑洞涡旋边界较欧拉涡旋边界的连贯性更强,能更加客观地描述物质输运。
  • 图  1  2014年3月28日Eddy A的黑洞涡旋边界(蓝色闭合曲线)与海表面高度异常值和16个Argo(除No. 2901552)的初始位置(黑色点)叠加图

    Fig.  1  Satellite-derived SSH anomalies with Eddy A (blue line) detected by the ELCSs method on 28 March 2014 and the initial positions (black points) of the 16 Argo floats (except for No. 2901552)

    图  2  以Eddy A为例,$ {t}_{0} $=2014年4月10日为初始时刻,积分时间为30 d的黑洞涡旋提取λ=1边界(红色曲线)和最外层边界(蓝色曲线)的比较

    橙色点为涡心,黑色为涡旋外的点,黑色虚线为Poincare section

    Fig.  2  Black-hole eddy’s boundaries for t0=10 in April 2014, with a detection time scale of T=t-t0=30 days, are extracted in red (λ=1) and blue (λ=0.9)

    The red point is the eddy center, the black point is the point outside the eddy, and the black dotted line is the Poincare section

    图  3  黑洞涡旋边界(粉色、绿色、橙色和红色分别为积分时间T=30、60、90和120 d)和欧拉边界C(蓝色)随流场运动其内部虚拟粒子的移动轨迹

    a. 2014年4月10日各边界的初始位置;b-d. 分别为5月9日、7月8日和8月7日的粒子轨迹

    Fig.  3  Eddy boundaries of the black-hole (pink, green, orange and red are T=30, 60, 90 and 120 days) and Eulerian C(blue) filled with virtual particles moves with the geostrophic

    a. The initial position of the boundary on 10 April 2014; b is on 9 May 2014, c is on 8 July 2014 and d is on 7 August 2014

    图  4  黑洞涡旋边界(粉色、绿色、橙色和红色分别为积分时间T=30、60、90和120 d)和欧拉边界C(蓝色)随流场运动的轨迹图,底图为海表面温度异常

    a为2014年4月10日各边界的初始位置;b-d分别为5月9日、7月8日和8月7日的粒子轨迹,右列为对应的左列图中黑色框内的放大图

    Fig.  4  The trajectories of black-hole (pink, green, orange and red are T=30, 60, 90 and 120 days) and Eulerian C(blue) under the geostrophic, the base map is the sea surface temperature anomaly

    a. The initial position of the boundary on 10 April 2014, b is on 9 May 2014, c is on 8 July 2014 and d is on 7 August 2014, the right column is the enlarged image in the black box of the left column

    图  6  黑洞涡旋边界(粉色、绿色、橙色和红色分别为积分时间T=30、60、90和120 d)和欧拉边界C(蓝色)随流场运动的轨迹图,底图为叶绿素浓度异常

    a为2014年4月10日各边界的初始位置;b-d分别为5月9日、7月8日和8月7日的粒子轨迹

    Fig.  6  The trajectories of black-hole (pink, green, orange and red are T=30, 60, 90 and 120 days) and Eulerian C(blue) under the geostrophic, the base map is the chlorophyll concentration anomaly

    a is the initial position of the boundary on 10 April 2014; b is on 9 May 2014; c is on 8 July 2014 and d is on 7 August 2014

    图  5  黑洞涡旋边界(粉色、绿色、橙色和红色分别为积分时间T=30、60、90和120 d)和欧拉边界C(蓝色)随流场运动轨迹图,底图为海表面盐度异常

    a为2014年4月10日各边界的初始位置;b-d分别为5月9日、7月8日和8月7日的粒子轨迹

    Fig.  5  The trajectories of black-hole (pink, green, orange and red are T=30, 60, 90 and 120 days) and Eulerian C (blue) under the geostrophic, the base map is the sea surface salty anomaly

    a is the initial position of the boundary on 10 April 2014; b is on 9 May 2014; c is on 8 July 2014 and d is on 7 August 2014

    图  7  Argo浮标(黑色点)与涡旋Eddy A边界的相对位置

    a. 2014年4月10日;b. 2014年5月9日;c. 2014年6月9日;d. 2014年7月8日。曲线为$ {t}_{0} $=2014年4月10日的T=30 d(粉色)、T=60 d(绿色)和T=90 d(黄色)的拉格朗日边界

    Fig.  7  The relative position of Argo buoy and Eddy A

    Each black-hole eddy boundary has a different detection time scale T of 30-days (pink), 60-days (green), 90-days (yellow) and $ {t}_{0} $=10 April 2014 on 10 April 2014(a),9 May 2014(b), 9 June 2014 (c) and 8 July 2014(d).

    图  8  垂直方向上不同时间积分的黑洞涡旋边界内(红色曲线)外(黑色曲线)物质分布差异比较

    a, d, g, j. 温度异常剖面图;b,e, h, k. 盐度异常剖面图;c, f, i, l. 溶解氧剖面图。第1行和第2行分别为T=30边界在4月10日和5月9日的剖面图,第3行和第4行为T=60边界在7月8日和T=90边界在8月7日的剖面图

    Fig.  8  The difference of material distribution inside (red curve) and outside (black curve) the black-hole eddy boundaries in vertical

    a, d, g, j. The temperature anomaly profiles; b, e, h, k. The salinity anomaly profiles; c, f, i, l. The dissolved oxygen profiles. The first and second lines are profiles of the boundary T=30 on April 10 and May 9, the third and fourth lines are profiles of the boundary T=60 on July 8 and T=90 on August 7

    图  9  Argo数据点的温度异常和盐度异常与涡心相对距离统计图

    a, c, e, g, i. 为温度异常;b, d, f, h, j. 盐度异常。第1至5行的深度分别为100 m,300 m,500 m,700 m,900 m。红色、橙色和绿色竖线分别代表随流场运动后T=30 d、90 d和120 d的平均黑洞边界,蓝色的线代表拟合曲线,蓝色空心点为拟合曲线二阶导数为0的点

    Fig.  9  The statistical graphs of relative distance between Argo data point of temperature anomaly and salinity anomaly and eddy center

    a, c, e, g, i. Temperature anomaly; b, d, f, h, j. Salinity anomaly. The depth of the first to fifth rows is 100 m, 300 m, 500 m, 700 m and 900 m respectively. The red, orange and green vertical lines represent the average black-hole eddy boundaries of T=30 days, 90 days and 120 days after moving with the flow field. The solid blue lines represent the fitting curve, and the blue edge dots show where the second derivative is 0

    图  10  Argo数据点的溶解氧与涡心相对距离统计图

    点的颜色代表所属深度范围,红色、橙色和绿色竖线分别代表随流场运动后T=30 d、90 d和120 d的平均黑洞涡旋边界。黑色的线代表拟合曲线,蓝色空心点为拟合曲线二阶导数为0的点

    Fig.  10  The statistical graphs of relative distance between Argo data point of DO and eddy center

    The color of points represents the depths. The red, orange and green vertical lines represent the average black-hole eddy boundaries of T=30 days, 90 days and 120 days after moving with the flow field. The black lines represent the fitting curve, and the blue edge dots show where the second derivative is 0

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-06
  • 修回日期:  2020-12-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-02

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