留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

围填海对海洋水动力与生态环境的影响

林磊 刘东艳 刘哲 高会旺

林磊, 刘东艳, 刘哲, 高会旺. 围填海对海洋水动力与生态环境的影响[J]. 海洋学报, 2016, 38(8): 1-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.08.001
引用本文: 林磊, 刘东艳, 刘哲, 高会旺. 围填海对海洋水动力与生态环境的影响[J]. 海洋学报, 2016, 38(8): 1-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.08.001
Lin Lei, Liu Dongyan, Liu Zhe, Gao Huiwang. Impact of land reclamation on marine hydrodynamic and ecological environment[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2016, 38(8): 1-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.08.001
Citation: Lin Lei, Liu Dongyan, Liu Zhe, Gao Huiwang. Impact of land reclamation on marine hydrodynamic and ecological environment[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2016, 38(8): 1-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.08.001

围填海对海洋水动力与生态环境的影响


doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.08.001
详细信息
  • 基金项目:  科技部基础性工作专项“我国典型潮间带沉积物本底及质量调查与图集编研”(2014FY210600);山东省自然科学杰出基金(JQ201414);新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助(NCET-13-0529);海洋公益性行业科研专项经费项目(200805011);国家自然科学基金委员会——山东人民政府联合资助海洋科学研究中心项目(U1406403)。

Impact of land reclamation on marine hydrodynamic and ecological environment

More Information
  • 摘要: 近10年来,中国海岸带围填海活动呈现出规模大、速度快的发展态势。围填海能带来显著的经济效益,但对海洋环境与生态的负面影响也不可忽视。针对围填海对海洋环境和生态的影响及作用机制,分别从水动力和生态系统两个方面进行了概述。围填海改变了海洋的自然几何属性(原始岸线、地形地貌、海湾面积),引起水动力环境的变化(潮汐系统和海湾水交换能力),进而影响了海湾的环境容量;围填海破坏了生物栖息地、导致生物多样性的丧失,影响到生态系统结构与功能的稳定性;水动力与生物多样性的变化可显著影响到生物地球化学过程,加速富营养化进程,恶化水质,增加生态灾害风险。目前,围填海后的生态修复策略主要有增加生物量、建设自然保护区、退陆还海3种方式;而生态补偿策略则多基于“生态系统服务功能与生境面积的大小为线性关系”,通过对其经济价值的量化后进行生态补偿与实施相关政策。国际上,生态系统服务功能的量化参数逐步纳入实际管理,并在线性关系研究的基础上,逐步纳入一些非线性的理念,使生态补偿机制更为合理化;而我国对于围填海生态效应的定量化研究及科学理论在管理政策中的实际应用仍亟待提高。整体而言,全面、准确地评估围填海对海洋环境与生态的影响离不开自然科学与社会科学的交叉与融合。
  • [1] Grau H R, Aide T M, Zimmerman J K, et al. The ecological consequences of socioeconomic and land-use changes in post-agriculture Puerto Rico[J]. BioScience, 2003, 53(12):1159-1168.
    [2] 朱高儒, 许学工. 填海造陆的环境效应研究进展[J]. 生态环境学报, 2011, 20(4):761-766. Zhu Gaoru, Xu Xuegong. Research review on environmental effects of land reclamation from sea[J]. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2011, 20(4):761-766.
    [3] 国家海洋局海洋发展战略研究所课题组. 中国海洋发展报告[M]. 北京:海洋出版社, 2011. China Institute for Marine Affairs. China's Ocean Development Report[M]. Beijing:China Ocean Press, 2011.
    [4] 刘述锡, 孙淑艳, 于永海, 等. 围填海导致的生态问题和对策[J]. 海洋开发与管理, 2013, 30(12):63-66. Liu Shuxi, Sun Shuyan, Yu Yonghai, et al. Ecological problems induced by land reclamation and the strategy for it[J]. Ocean Development and Management, 2013, 30(12):63-66.
    [5] DeFries R S, Foley J A, Asner G P. Land-use choices:balancing human needs and ecosystem function[J]. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2004, 2(5):249-257.
    [6] Barbier E B, Koch E W, Silliman B R, et al. Coastal ecosystem-based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values[J]. Science, 2008, 319(5861):321-323.
    [7] 苏纪兰, 王颖, 秦蕴珊, 等. 我国围填海工程中的若干科学问题及对策建议[R]. 北京:院士咨询报告, 2010. Su Jilan, Wang Ying, Qin Yunshan, et al. Several scientific problems and suggestions in the process of land reclamation in China[R]. Beijing:Consulting Report from Academician, 2010.
    [8] 张经. 关于陆-海相互作用的若干问题[J]. 科学通报, 2011, 56(24):1956-1966. Zhang Jing. On the critical issues of land-ocean interactions in coastal zones[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2011, 56(24):1956-1966.
    [9] Heuvel T, Hillen R H. Coastline management with GIS in the Netherlands[J]. Advance in Remote Sensing, 1995, 4(1):27-34.
    [10] 狄乾斌, 韩增林. 大连市围填海活动的影响及对策研究[J]. 海洋开发与管理, 2008, 25(10):122-126. Di Qianbin, Han Zenglin. The impacts of reclamation activities in Dalian and the countermeasures[J]. Ocean Development and Management, 2008, 25(10):122-126.
    [11] Murray N J, Clemens R S, Phinn S R, et al. Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea[J]. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2014, 12(5):267-272.
    [12] 吴桑云, 王文海, 丰爱平, 等. 我国海湾开发活动及其环境效应[M]. 北京:海洋出版社, 2011. Wu Sangyun, Wang Wenhai, Feng Aiping, et al. The Development Activities in Chinese Embayment and its Environmental Effects[M]. Beijing:China Ocean Press, 2011.
    [13] 潘建纲. 国内外围填海造地的态势及对海南的启示[J]. 新东方, 2008(10):32-36. Pan Jian'gang. The current situation of land reclamation and enlightenment to Hainan[J]. The New Orient, 2008(10):32-36.
    [14] Mai S, Bartholomä A. The missing mud flats of the Wadden Sea:a reconstruction of sediments and accommodation space lost in the wake of land reclamation[J]. Proceedings in Marine Science, 2000, 2:257-272.
    [15] Lee H J, Ryu S O. Changes in topography and surface sediments by the Saemangeum dyke in an estuarine complex, west coast of Korea[J]. Continental Shelf Research, 2008, 28(9):1177-1189.
    [16] Choi B H, Kim K O, Lee H S, et al. Perturbation of regional ocean tides due to coastal dikes[J]. Continental Shelf Research, 2010, 30(6):553-563.
    [17] Park Y G, Kim H Y, Hwang J H, et al. Dynamics of dike effects on tidal circulation around Saemangeum, Korea[J]. Ocean & Coastal Management, 2014, 102:572-582.
    [18] Song Dehai, Wang Xiaohua, Zhu Xueming, et al. Modeling studies of the far-field effects of tidal flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the East China Seas[J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2013, 133:147-160.
    [19] Suh S W, Lee H Y, Kim H J. Spatio-temporal variability of tidal asymmetry due to multiple coastal constructions along the west coast of Korea[J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2014, 151:336-346.
    [20] Lin Lei, Liu Zhe, Xie Lian, et al. Dynamics governing the response of tidal current along the mouth of Jiaozhou Bay to land reclamation[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research:Oceans, 2015, 120(4):2958-2972.
    [21] Yanagi T, Onishi K. Change of tide, tidal current, and sediment due to reclamation in Tokyo Bay[J]. Oceanography in Japan, 1999, 8(6):411-415.
    [22] Manda A, Matsuoka K. Changes in tidal currents in the ariake sound due to reclamation[J]. Estuaries and Coasts, 2006, 29(4):645-652.
    [23] 鲍献文, 乔璐璐, 于华明, 等. 福建省海湾围填海规划水动力影响评价[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2008. Bao Xianwen, Qiao Lulu, Yu Huaming, et al. Evaluation on the Impact of Bay Land Reclamations in Fujian Province on Hydrodynamics[M]. Beijing:China Ocean Press, 2008.
    [24] 曾相明, 管卫兵, 潘冲. 象山港多年围填海工程对水动力影响的累积效应[J]. 海洋学研究,2011,29(1):73-83. Zeng Xiangming, Guan Weibing, Pan Chong. Cumulative influence of long term reclamation on hydrodynamics in the Xiangshan'gang Bay[J]. Journal of Marine Science, 2011, 29(1):73-83.
    [25] Xie Dongfeng, Wang Zhengbing, Gao Shu, et al. Modeling the tidal channel morphodynamics in a macro-tidal embayment, Hangzhou Bay, China[J]. Continental Shelf Research, 2009, 29(15):1757-1767.
    [26] 刘明, 席小慧, 雷利元, 等. 锦州湾围填海工程对海湾水交换能力的影响[J]. 大连海洋大学学报, 2013, 28(1):111-114. Liu Ming, Xi Xiaohui, Lei Liyuan, et al. The effects of coastal reclamation on hydrodynamics in Jinzhou Bay[J]. Journal of Dalian Ocean University, 2013, 28(1):110-114.
    [27] 索安宁, 张明慧, 于永海, 等. 曹妃甸围填海工程的海洋生态服务功能损失估算[J]. 海洋科学, 2012, 36(3):108-114. Suo Anning, Zhang Minghui, Yu Yonghai, et al. Loss appraisal on the value of marine ecosystem services of the sea reclamation project for Caofeidian[J]. Marine Sciences, 2012, 36(3):108-114.
    [28] Okada T, Nakayama K, Takao T, et al. Influence of freshwater input and bay reclamation on long-term changes in seawater residence times in Tokyo bay, Japan[J]. Hydrological Processes, 2011, 25(17):2694-2702.
    [29] Sala O E, Chapin F S, Armesto J J, et al. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100[J]. Science, 2000, 287(5459):1770-1774.
    [30] Goss-Custard J D, Yates M G. Towards predicting the effect of salt-marsh reclamation on feeding bird numbers on the wash[J]. Journal of Applied Ecology, 1992, 29(2):330-340.
    [31] Yang Hongyan, Chen Bing, Barter M, et al. Impacts of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China:ongoing losses of critical Yellow Sea waterbird staging and wintering sites[J]. Bird Conservation International, 2011, 21(3):241-259.
    [32] 陈才俊. 围垦对潮滩动物资源环境的影响[J]. 海洋科学, 1990, 14(6):48-50. Chen Caijun. The impact of land reclamations on tidal flat animal resource and environment[J]. Marine Sciences, 1990, 14(6):48-50.
    [33] Lee Y K, Park W, Choi J K, et al. Halophyte die-off in response to anthropogenic impacts on tidal flats[J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2014, 151:347-354.
    [34] Sato S, Kanazawa T. Faunal change of bivalves in Ariake Sea after the construction of the dike for reclamation in Isahaya Bay, Western Kyushu, Japan[J]. Fossils (Tokyo), 2004, 76:90-99.
    [35] 唐启升. 中国专属经济区海洋生物资源与栖息环境[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2006. Tang Qisheng. Marine Biological Resources and Habitats of China's Exclusive Economic Zone[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2006.
    [36] Yan Huakun, Wang Nuo, Yu Tiaolan, et al. Comparing effects of land reclamation techniques on water pollution and fishery loss for a large-scale offshore airport island in Jinzhou Bay, Bohai Sea, China[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2013, 71(1/2):29-40.
    [37] Kneib R T. The role of tidal marshes in the ecology of estuarine nekton[J]. Oceanography and Marine Biology, 1997, 35:163-220.
    [38] Levin L A, Boesch D F, Covich A, et al. The function of marine critical transition zones and the importance of sediment biodiversity[J]. Ecosystems, 2001, 4(5):430-451.
    [39] 侯立军, 刘敏, 许世远, 等. 长江口岸带柱状沉积物中磷的存在形态及其环境意义[J]. 海洋环境科学, 2001, 20(2):7-12. Hou Lijun, Liu Min, Xu Shiyuan, et al. Species of phosphorus in core sediments from the Changjiang Estuary and its environmental significance[J]. Marine Environmental Science, 2001, 20(2):7-12.
    [40] 高效江, 张念礼, 陈振楼, 等. 上海滨岸潮滩水沉积物中无机氮的季节性变化[J]. 地理学报, 2002, 57(4):407-412. Gao Xiaojiang, Zhang Nianli, Chen Zhenlou, et al. Seasonal variation of inorganic nitrogen in water and sediment of intertidal flats on the Shanghai coast[J]. Acta Geography Sinica, 2002, 57(4):407-412.
    [41] Lie H J, Cho C H, Lee S, et al. Changes in marine environment by a large coastal development of the Saemangeum reclamation project in Korea[J]. Ocean and Polar Research, 2008, 30(4):475-484.
    [42] Li Jia, Yao Yanming, Li Xiaoyan, et al. Numerical analysis on water exchange and its response to the coastal engineering in the Yueqing Bay in China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2008, 27(Z1):60-73.
    [43] 陈满荣, 韩晓非, 刘水芹. 上海市围海造地效应分析与海岸带可持续发展[J]. 中国软科学, 2000(12):115-120. Chen Manrong, Han Xiaofei, Liu Shuiqin. The effects of reclamation and sustainable development on coastal zone in Shanghai[J]. China Soft Science, 2000(12):115-120.
    [44] Binelli A, Provini A. The PCB pollution of Lake Iseo (N. Italy) and the role of biomagnification in the pelagic food web[J]. Chemosphere, 2003, 53(2):143-151.
    [45] Ma M, Feng Z, Guan C, et al. DDT, PAH and PCB in sediments from the intertidal zone of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2001, 42(2):132-136.
    [46] 沈钢, 张祖麟, 余刚, 等. 夏季海河与渤海湾中壬基酚和辛基酚污染的状况[J]. 中国环境科学, 2005, 25(6):733-736. Shen Gang, Zhang Zulin, Yu Gang, et al. The pollution state of nonylphenol and octylphenol in Haihe River and Bohai Bay in summer[J]. China Environmental Science, 2005, 25(6):733-736.
    [47] UNDP/GEF. The Yellow Sea:analysis of environmental status and trends, volume 2, part Ⅱ:national reports-China[R]. Ansan, Republic of Korea:UNDP/GEF Yellow Sea Project, 2007:304.
    [48] Shi Jinghao, Li Guangxue, Wang Ping. Anthropogenic influences on the tidal prism and water exchanges in Jiaozhou Bay, Qingdao, China[J]. Journal of Coastal Research, 2011, 27(1):57-72.
    [49] 乔贯宇, 高大鲁, 华锋, 等. 实测数据和数值模拟相结合的办法计算海湾纳潮量[J]. 港工技术, 2009, 46(4):1-5. Qiao Guanyu, Gao Dalu, Hua Feng, et al. Calculating storage capacity of tidal water of bay by combining observing data with numerical model[J]. Port Engineering Technology, 2009, 46(4):1-5.
    [50] Gao Guandong, Wang Xiaohua, Bao Xianwen. Land reclamation and its impact on tidal dynamics in Jiaozhou Bay, Qingdao, China[J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2014, 151:285-294.
    [51] 王学昌, 孙长青, 孙英兰, 等. 填海造地对胶州湾水动力环境影响的数值研究[J]. 海洋环境科学, 2000, 19(3):55-59. Wang Xuechang, Sun Changqing, Sun Yinglan, et al. Study on impact of Jiaozhou Bay sea-filling on hydrodynamic environment[J]. Marine Environmental Science, 2000, 19(3):55-59.
    [52] Lou Angang, Hu Yuebo, Kuang Liang, et al. Analysis and prediction of influence imposed on Jiaozhou Bay tidal currents and tidal energy of M2 tidal system by Jiaozhou Bay reclamation[J]. Journal of Ocean University of China, 2009, 8(1):23-29.
    [53] Li Pin, Li Guangxue, Qiao Lulu, et al. Modeling the tidal dynamic changes induced by the bridge in Jiaozhou Bay, Qingdao, China[J]. Continental Shelf Research, 2014, 84:43-53.
    [54] 牟森. 胶州湾岸线变化对动力环境的影响[D]. 青岛:中国海洋大学, 2009. Mu Sen. The effects of shoreline change on the hydrodynamic environment of the Jiaozhou Bay[D]. Qingdao:Ocean University of China, 2009.
    [55] 贾怡然. 填海造地对胶州湾环境容量的影响研究[D]. 青岛:中国海洋大学, 2006. Jia Yiyan. Study on the impacts of reclamation on marine environmental capacity of Jiaozhou Bay[D]. Qingdao:Ocean University of China, 2006.
    [56] 吴玉霖, 孙松, 张永山. 环境长期变化对胶州湾浮游植物群落结构的影响[J]. 海洋与湖沼, 2005, 36(6):487-498. Wu Yulin, Sun Song, Zhang Yongshan. Long-term change of environment and it's influence on phytoplankton community structure in Jiaozhou Bay[J]. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 2005, 36(6):487-498.
    [57] 印萍, 路应贤. 胶州湾的环境演变及可持续利用[J]. 海岸工程, 2000, 19(3):14-22. Yin Ping, Lu Yingxian. Environmental evolution and sustainable utilization of Jiaozhou Bay[J]. Coastal Engineering, 2000, 19(3):14-22.
    [58] 胡小颖, 雷宁, 赵晓龙, 等. 胶州湾围填海的海洋生态系统服务功能价值损失的估算[J]. 海洋开发与管理, 2013, 30(6):84-87. Hu Xiaoying, Lei Ning, Zhao Xiaolong, et al. Evaluating the value loss of marine ecosystem serving function induced by land reclamation in Jiaozhou bay[J]. Ocean Development and Management, 2013, 30(6):84-87.
    [59] 李京梅, 王晓玲. 基于生境等价分析法的胶州湾湿地围垦生态损害评估[J]. 资源科学, 2013, 35(1):59-65. Li Jingmei, Wang Xiaoling. Wetland reclamation and habitat damage assessment in Jiaozhou Bay[J]. Resources Science, 2013, 35(1):59-65.
    [60] 李善为. 从海湾沉积物特征看胶州湾的形成演变[J]. 海洋学报, 1983, 5(3):328-339. Li Shanwei. Analysis of the formation and evolution of Jiaozhou Bay based on the characteristic of sediment[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 1983, 5(3):328-339.
    [61] 刘学先, 李秀亭. 胶州湾寿命初探[J]. 海岸工程, 1986, 5(3):25-30. Liu Xuexian, Li Xiuting. Discussion about the lifetime of Jiaozhou Bay[J]. Coastal Engineering, 1986, 5(3):25-30.
    [62] 郑全安, 吴隆业, 张欣梅, 等. 胶州湾遥感研究-Ⅰ. 总水域面积和总岸线长度量算[J]. 海洋与湖沼, 1991, 22(3):193-199. Zheng Quan'an, Wu Longye, Zhang Xinmei, et al. A remote sensing study of Jiaozhou Bay-Ⅰ. Measurement of total area and coastal line[J]. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 1991, 22(3):193-199.
    [63] 赵全基, 刘福寿. 胶州湾水体缩小是主要环境问题[J]. 海岸工程, 1993, 12(1):63-67. Zhao Quanji, Liu Fushou. The reduction of water volume is the major environmental problem in Jiaozhou Bay[J]. Coastal Engineering, 1993, 12(1):63-67.
    [64] 汪亚平. 胶州湾及邻近海区沉积动力学[D]. 青岛:中国科学院海洋研究所, 2000. Wang Yaping. Sediment dynamics of Jiaozhou bay and adjoining areas[D]. Qingdao:Institute of Oceanography, China Academy of Sciences, 2000.
    [65] 边淑华, 胡泽建, 丰爱平, 等. 近130年胶州湾自然形态和冲淤演变探讨[J]. 黄渤海海洋,2001, 19(3):46-53. Bian Shuhua, Hu Zejian, Feng Aiping, et al. An exploration on the natural morphology and the siltation and erosion development of the Jiaozhou Bay in recent 130 years[J]. Journal of Oceanography of Huanghai & Bohai Seas, 2001, 19(3):46-53.
    [66] 杨世伦, 陈启明, 朱骏, 等. 半封闭海湾潮间带部分围垦后纳潮量计算的商榷——以胶州湾为例[J]. 海洋科学, 2003, 27(8):43-47. Yang Shilun, Chen Qiming, Zhu Jun, et al. Computation of storage capacity for tidal water of semi-closed bays where the intertidal zone is partly embanked-taking Jiaozhou Bay as an example[J]. Marine Sciences, 2003, 27(8):43-47.
    [67] 陈金瑞, 陈学恩. 近70年胶州湾水动力变化的数值模拟研究[J]. 海洋学报, 2012, 34(6):30-41. Chen Jinrui, Chen Xue'en. Numerical simulation of the hydrodynamic evolution of the Jiaozhou Bay in the last 70 years[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2012, 34(6):30-41.
    [68] 史经昊. 胶州湾演变对人类活动的响应[D]. 青岛:中国海洋大学, 2010. Shi Jinghao. Anthropogenic influences on the evolution of Jiaozhou Bay[D]. Qingdao:Ocean University of China, 2010.
    [69] Gilliland P M, Laffoley D. Key elements and steps in the process of developing ecosystem-based marine spatial planning[J]. Marine Policy, 2008, 32(5):787-796.
    [70] Simonit S, Perrings C. Sustainability and the value of the "regulating" services:wetlands and water quality in Lake Victoria[J]. Ecological Economics, 2011, 70(6):1189-1199.
    [71] Ambrose R F. Mitigating the effects of a coastal power plant on a kelp forest community:Rationale and requirements for an artificial reef[J]. Bulletin of Marine Science, 1994, 55(2/3):694-708.
    [72] 胡俊. 退田还湖对鄱阳湖区农民收入的影响研究[J]. 江西农业大学学报:社会科学版, 2006, 5(2):48-50. Hu Jun. Effect of returning cropland to lake on farmers' income[J]. Journal of Jiangxi Agricultural University, 2006, 5(2):48-50.
    [73] 褚忠信. 三峡水库一期蓄水对长江泥沙的影响[D]. 青岛:中国海洋大学, 2006. Chu Zhongxin. Effects of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) phase-1 water storage on the Yangtze River sediment[D]. Qingdao:Ocean University of China, 2006.
    [74] 孙丽, 刘洪滨, 杨义菊, 等. 中外围填海管理的比较研究[J]. 中国海洋大学学报:社会科学版, 2010(5):40-46. Sun Li, Liu Hongbin, Yang Yiju, et al. Comparative studies:coastal reclamation management between China and abroad[J]. Journal of Ocean University of China:Social Science Edition, 2010(5):40-46.
    [75] 胡斯亮. 围填海造地及其管理制度研究[D]. 青岛:中国海洋大学, 2011. Hu Siliang. A study on land reclamation and its management systems[D]. Qingdao:Ocean University of China, 2011.
    [76] Wunder S. Payments for Environmental Services:Some Nuts and Bolts[M]. Indonesia:CIFOR Occasional Paper, 2005.
    [77] 陈尚, 李京梅, 任大川, 等. 福建东山湾罗源湾生态资本及其对地区经济增长的贡献[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2014. Chen Shang, Li Jingmei, Ren Dachuan, et al. Ecological Capital of Fujian Coastal Waters and its Contribution to Coastal Economy:Dongshan and Luoyuan Bays[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2014.
  • [1] 李亚婧, 李颖, 魏泽勋.  南极半岛周边海域水团及水交换的研究 . 海洋学报, 2019, 41(9): 13-25. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2019.09.002
    [2] 王兆毅, 刘桂梅, 王辉, 王大奎.  吕宋海峡水交换季节和年际变化特征的数值模拟研究 . 海洋学报, 2016, 38(5): 1-13. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.05.001
    [3] 齐继峰, 尹宝树, 张启龙, 杨德周, 陈海英.  东海与邻近海域水、热、盐通量的季节变化研究 . 海洋学报, 2016, 38(11): 1-19. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.11.001
    [4] 郑白雯, 曹文清, 林元烧, 郑连明, 张文静, 杨位迪, 王宇杰.  北部湾北部生态系统结构与功能研究Ⅱ.浮游动物数量分布及优势种 . 海洋学报, 2014, 36(4): 82-90. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2014.04.009
    [5] 姚炎明, 彭辉, 杜雅杰, 刘莲.  象山港分区水交换数值研究 . 海洋学报, 2014, 36(1): 126-130. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2014.01.014
    [6] 郑白雯, 曹文清, 林元烧, 郑连明, 张文静, 杨位迪, 王宇杰.  北部湾北部生态系统结构与功能研究Ⅰ.浮游动物种类组成及其时空变化 . 海洋学报, 2013, 35(6): 154-161.
    [7] 陈金瑞, 陈学恩.  近70年胶州湾水动力变化的数值模拟研究 . 海洋学报, 2012, 34(6): 30-41.
    [8] 许强, 杨红生.  脂肪酸标志物在海洋生态系统营养关系研究中的应用 . 海洋学报, 2011, 33(1): 1-6.
    [9] 吕新刚, 赵昌, 夏长水, 乔方利.  胶州湾水交换及湾口潮余流特征的数值研究 . 海洋学报, 2010, 32(2): 20-30.
    [10] 叶属峰, 刘星, 丁德文.  长江河口海域生态系统健康评价指标体系及其初步评价 . 海洋学报, 2007, 29(4): 128-136.
    [11] 李克强, 王修林, 石晓勇, 祝陈坚, 李瑞香.  胶州湾围隔浮游生态系统氮、磷营养盐迁移-转化模型研究 . 海洋学报, 2007, 29(3): 76-83.
    [12] 洪华生, 商少凌, 张彩云, 黄邦钦, 胡建宇, 黄加祺, 卢振彬.  台湾海峡生态系统对海洋环境年际变动的响应分析 . 海洋学报, 2005, 27(2): 63-69.
    [13] 刘青松, 李杨帆, 朱晓东.  江苏盐城自然保护区滨海湿地生态系统的特征与健康设计 . 海洋学报, 2003, 25(3): 143-148.
    [14] 管卫兵, 王丽娅, 潘建明, 董礼先.  POM模式在河口湾污染物质输运过程模拟中的应用 . 海洋学报, 2002, 24(3): 9-17.
    [15] 侍茂崇, 陈春华, 黄方, 叶安乐.  琼州海峡冬末春初潮余流场特征 . 海洋学报, 1998, 20(1): 1-10.
    [16] 郭炳火, 葛人峰.  东海黑潮锋面涡旋在陆架水与黑潮水交换中的作用 . 海洋学报, 1997, 19(6): 1-11.
    [17] 叶德赞, 倪纯治, 周宗澄, 林燕顺, 姚瑞梅, 曾活水, 梁子原, 顾静瑜.  厦门西海域水体的细菌动力学研究和环境容量评估 . 海洋学报, 1994, 16(4): 102-112.
    [18] 唐森铭, 庄栋法, 林昱, 陈孝麟.  围隔生态系内富营养对水体营养盐结构的扰动 . 海洋学报, 1993, 15(2): 135-140.
    [19] 陈慈美, 林月玲, 陈于望, 吴瑜端.  厦门西海域磷的生物地球化学行为和环境容量 . 海洋学报, 1993, 15(3): 43-48.
    [20] 吴晋平, 徐怀恕.  在围隔生态系中海洋细菌对钼矿渣污染的反应 . 海洋学报, 1988, 10(1): 93-98.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1236
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2
  • PDF下载量:  2281
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-12
  • 修回日期:  2016-03-01

围填海对海洋水动力与生态环境的影响

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.08.001
基金项目:  科技部基础性工作专项“我国典型潮间带沉积物本底及质量调查与图集编研”(2014FY210600);山东省自然科学杰出基金(JQ201414);新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助(NCET-13-0529);海洋公益性行业科研专项经费项目(200805011);国家自然科学基金委员会——山东人民政府联合资助海洋科学研究中心项目(U1406403)。

摘要: 近10年来,中国海岸带围填海活动呈现出规模大、速度快的发展态势。围填海能带来显著的经济效益,但对海洋环境与生态的负面影响也不可忽视。针对围填海对海洋环境和生态的影响及作用机制,分别从水动力和生态系统两个方面进行了概述。围填海改变了海洋的自然几何属性(原始岸线、地形地貌、海湾面积),引起水动力环境的变化(潮汐系统和海湾水交换能力),进而影响了海湾的环境容量;围填海破坏了生物栖息地、导致生物多样性的丧失,影响到生态系统结构与功能的稳定性;水动力与生物多样性的变化可显著影响到生物地球化学过程,加速富营养化进程,恶化水质,增加生态灾害风险。目前,围填海后的生态修复策略主要有增加生物量、建设自然保护区、退陆还海3种方式;而生态补偿策略则多基于“生态系统服务功能与生境面积的大小为线性关系”,通过对其经济价值的量化后进行生态补偿与实施相关政策。国际上,生态系统服务功能的量化参数逐步纳入实际管理,并在线性关系研究的基础上,逐步纳入一些非线性的理念,使生态补偿机制更为合理化;而我国对于围填海生态效应的定量化研究及科学理论在管理政策中的实际应用仍亟待提高。整体而言,全面、准确地评估围填海对海洋环境与生态的影响离不开自然科学与社会科学的交叉与融合。

English Abstract

参考文献 (77)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回