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海南新村港潟湖表层沉积物粒度特征及其沉积环境

杨阳 高抒 周亮 王韫玮 李高聪 汪亚平 贾培宏

杨阳, 高抒, 周亮, 王韫玮, 李高聪, 汪亚平, 贾培宏. 海南新村港潟湖表层沉积物粒度特征及其沉积环境[J]. 海洋学报, 2016, 38(1): 94-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.01.009
引用本文: 杨阳, 高抒, 周亮, 王韫玮, 李高聪, 汪亚平, 贾培宏. 海南新村港潟湖表层沉积物粒度特征及其沉积环境[J]. 海洋学报, 2016, 38(1): 94-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.01.009
Yang Yang, Gao Shu, Zhou Liang, Wang Yunwei, Li Gaocong, Wang Yaping, Jia Peihong. Grain size distribution of surface sediments and sedimentary environment in the lagoon of Xincun,Hainan Island[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2016, 38(1): 94-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.01.009
Citation: Yang Yang, Gao Shu, Zhou Liang, Wang Yunwei, Li Gaocong, Wang Yaping, Jia Peihong. Grain size distribution of surface sediments and sedimentary environment in the lagoon of Xincun,Hainan Island[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2016, 38(1): 94-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.01.009

海南新村港潟湖表层沉积物粒度特征及其沉积环境

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2016.01.009
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目——海岸风暴频率—强度关系的沉积记录分析(41530962)。

Grain size distribution of surface sediments and sedimentary environment in the lagoon of Xincun,Hainan Island

  • 摘要: 对2013年8月在海南新村港潟湖采集的表层沉积物样品进行粒度分析,揭示了该区表层沉积物的粒度特征和沉积物类型,结合高空间分辨率的水动力和水深数据,采用系统聚类和主成分相结合的方法划分现代沉积环境。结果表明,研究区表层沉积物主要有4种类型,以粉砂和粉砂质砂为主,分别分布在潟湖中部和近岸浅水区域。沉积物平均粒径变化较大(0~8.0 Ф),均值为4.6 Ф,沉积物随水深增大而逐渐变细;沉积物粒度组分以砂(平均含量43%)和粉砂(平均含量为52%)为主,黏土含量较少,平均含量为5%。聚类结果表明,平均粒径可分为两组:第一组平均粒径均大于5.5 Ф,均值为6.8 Ф;而第二组平均粒径均小于3.5 Ф,均值为2.2 Ф。此外,平均粒径与分选、偏态和峰态系数之间呈现出两种不同的相关关系。研究区大潮和小潮期间的均方根流速(RMSV)均值是7.5和6.9 cm/s,标准偏差分别是15.3和14.9 cm/s。当RMSV大于4 cm/s,RMSV与极细砂(63~125 μm)含量呈明显的正相关关系,这表明RMSV决定了潟湖沉积物中极细砂含量。聚类和主成分分析结果表明,平均粒径、峰态和分选系数是对沉积环境最为敏感的粒度参数组合,同时结合高空间分辨率的水动力和水深数据,将研究区沉积环境划分为3类。这样划分充分考虑了水动力、物源、地形及其相互作用,更能有效地揭示沉积环境的差异,尤其体现了适宜的粒度参数组合和高空间分辨率的水动力数据在沉积环境划分中的重要性。
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