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2009年冬、夏季南海北部超微型浮游生物的分布特征及其环境相关分析

乐凤凤 蔡昱明 孙军 郝锵 刘诚刚 翟红昌 陈建芳

乐凤凤, 蔡昱明, 孙军, 郝锵, 刘诚刚, 翟红昌, 陈建芳. 2009年冬、夏季南海北部超微型浮游生物的分布特征及其环境相关分析[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 41-55. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.005
引用本文: 乐凤凤, 蔡昱明, 孙军, 郝锵, 刘诚刚, 翟红昌, 陈建芳. 2009年冬、夏季南海北部超微型浮游生物的分布特征及其环境相关分析[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 41-55. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.005
Le Fengfeng, Cai Yuming, Sun Jun, Hao Qiang, Liu Chenggang, Zhai Hongchang, Chen Jianfang. Seasonal variation of picoplankton abundance and biomass in the northern South China Sea in summer and winter 2009[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 41-55. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.005
Citation: Le Fengfeng, Cai Yuming, Sun Jun, Hao Qiang, Liu Chenggang, Zhai Hongchang, Chen Jianfang. Seasonal variation of picoplankton abundance and biomass in the northern South China Sea in summer and winter 2009[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 41-55. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.005

2009年冬、夏季南海北部超微型浮游生物的分布特征及其环境相关分析

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.005
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(91128212,90711006,41306162,41006101,40506032);国家海洋局第二海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项(JG1310);全球变化与海气相互作用专项(GASI-03-01-03-02)。

Seasonal variation of picoplankton abundance and biomass in the northern South China Sea in summer and winter 2009

  • 摘要: 2009年2月(冬季)和8月(夏季)在南海北部海域(nSCS)采用流式细胞术对聚球藻、原绿球藻、超微型光合真核生物3类超微型光合浮游生物和异养浮游细菌的丰度和碳生物量的时空分布特征进行了研究,并分析了其与环境因子之间的关系。结果表明,夏季聚球藻和原绿球藻的平均丰度高于冬季,超微型光合真核生物和异养浮游细菌的丰度反之,为冬季高于夏季。聚球藻、超微型光合真核生物和异养浮游细菌在富营养的近岸陆架海域丰度较高,而原绿球藻高丰度则出现在陆坡开阔海域。在垂直分布上,聚球藻主要分布在跃层以上,跃层以下丰度迅速降低;原绿球藻高丰度主要出现在真光层底部;超微型光合真核生物在水层中的高值同样出现在真光层底部,且与Pico级份叶绿素a浓度分布一致;异养浮游细菌在水体中的分布与聚球藻类似。这些分布格局的差异,取决于环境条件的变化和4类超微型浮游生物生态生理适应性的差异。在超微型光合浮游生物群落中,各类群碳生物量的贡献因季节和海域类型的不同而发生变化:聚球藻在夏季近岸陆架区占超微型光合浮游生物总碳生物量的41%,原绿球藻在陆坡开阔海成为主要贡献者(50%),超微型光合真核生物碳生物量以冬季为高(在近岸陆架区占比68%)。冬、夏季异养浮游细菌碳生物量均高于超微型光合浮游生物碳生物量。
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-06-22
  • 修回日期:  2015-11-02

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