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琼东海域今生颗石藻群落研究

刘海娇 孙军 冯媛媛

刘海娇, 孙军, 冯媛媛. 琼东海域今生颗石藻群落研究[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 27-40. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.004
引用本文: 刘海娇, 孙军, 冯媛媛. 琼东海域今生颗石藻群落研究[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 27-40. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.004
Liu Haijiao, Sun Jun, Feng Yuanyuan. Study on modern coccolithophores in coastal region along the east Hainan Island[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 27-40. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.004
Citation: Liu Haijiao, Sun Jun, Feng Yuanyuan. Study on modern coccolithophores in coastal region along the east Hainan Island[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 27-40. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.004

琼东海域今生颗石藻群落研究

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.004
基金项目: 新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-12-1065);国家重点基础研究发展计划(2015CB954002);国家自然科学基金(41176136,41276124,41306118)。

Study on modern coccolithophores in coastal region along the east Hainan Island

  • 摘要: 通过2012年7、8月在南海北部陆架琼东上升流区域的水文、化学和生物的现场综合采样调查,对采集过滤的今生颗石藻膜样在偏振光显微镜下鉴种并统计细胞丰度,分析了夏季该海域的颗石藻群落结构特征及分布规律。结果表明,夏季琼东上升流区共检出今生颗石藻34种,优势物种有赫氏艾密里藻(Emiliania huxleyi)、大洋桥石藻(Gephyrocapsa oceanica)、纤细伞球藻(Umbellosphaera tenuis)、卡特螺旋球藻(Helicosphaera carteri)、地中海花冠球藻(Coronosphaera mediterranea)等,颗石粒细胞丰度介于0~2040.23×103粒/L,平均值8.10×103粒/L,颗石球丰度介于0~68.90×103 cells/L,平均值5.01×103 cells/L。大多数颗石藻集中分布在上升流信号强的水体中。琼东中部水域的生物多样性指数H'较雷州半岛以东水域高,颗石粒群落的均匀度指数J分布与H'呈镶嵌模式。聚类Cluster和多维定标MDS结果,将颗石粒和颗石球群落各分成4个和5个组群,经相似性分析(ANOSIM)检验证明此种划分是显著的。将生物与海区环境因子进行冗余分析(Redundancy analysis,RDA)结果表明,N/P、PO43-、NO2-和SiO32-是影响本次调查的今生颗石藻生物群落的主控因子。
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-18
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-08

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