留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

溶解作用对南海北部沉积物捕获器碳、氮通量估算的影响

孙麟 李宏亮 Jennerjahn Tim 冉莉华 金海燕 张静静 Wiesner Martin 陈建芳

孙麟, 李宏亮, Jennerjahn Tim, 冉莉华, 金海燕, 张静静, Wiesner Martin, 陈建芳. 溶解作用对南海北部沉积物捕获器碳、氮通量估算的影响[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 19-26. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.003
引用本文: 孙麟, 李宏亮, Jennerjahn Tim, 冉莉华, 金海燕, 张静静, Wiesner Martin, 陈建芳. 溶解作用对南海北部沉积物捕获器碳、氮通量估算的影响[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 19-26. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.003
Sun Lin, Li Hongliang, Jennerjahn Tim, Ran Lihua, Jin Haiyan, Zhang Jingjing, Wiesner Martin, Chen Jianfang. Underestimation of C and N flux in the northern South China Sea due to dissolution in sediment trap samples[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 19-26. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.003
Citation: Sun Lin, Li Hongliang, Jennerjahn Tim, Ran Lihua, Jin Haiyan, Zhang Jingjing, Wiesner Martin, Chen Jianfang. Underestimation of C and N flux in the northern South China Sea due to dissolution in sediment trap samples[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 19-26. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.003

溶解作用对南海北部沉积物捕获器碳、氮通量估算的影响

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.003
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目重大研究计划重点支持项目(91128212);国家海洋局第二海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(JT1010)。

Underestimation of C and N flux in the northern South China Sea due to dissolution in sediment trap samples

  • 摘要: 由于化学溶出、物理溶解以及胞外酶等作用,沉积物捕获器中颗粒物在锚系布放期间会发生一定程度的溶解,从而引起沉积物捕获器中碳、氮颗粒物通量的低估。本文对于1987-1988年南海北部中深层沉积物捕获器中碳、氮颗粒物的溶解作用进行了研究。溶解作用对于碳、氮通量估算的影响大致随着深度的增加而减小。总体而言,颗粒有机碳通量低估约3.8%~40.3%,平均值为26.6%。颗粒氮通量低估约4.2%~76.4%,平均值为43.7%。碳、氮颗粒物的溶出量与颗粒物通量大小关系不明显,但是样品储存时间对于碳、氮颗粒物溶解作用的影响较显著,储存时间较长的样品中颗粒物溶出量更大。
  • Honjo S. The rain of ocean particles and Earth's carbon cycle[J]. Oceanus,1997,40(2):4-7.
    Buesseler K O. The decoupling of production and particulate export in the surface ocean[J]. Global Biogeochemical Cycles,1998,12(2):297-310.
    Buesseler K O,Bowles M,Joyce K. A New Wave of Ocean Science[M]. Massachusetts:U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study,2001.
    Buesseler K O,Trull T W,Steinberg D K,et al. VERTIGO(VERtical Transport in the Global Ocean):a study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific[J]. Deep-Sea Research Part Ⅱ:Topical Studies in Oceanography,2008,55(14/15):1522-1539.
    苏纪兰,袁业立. 中国近海水文[M]. 北京:海洋出版社,2005. Su Jilan,Yuan Yeli. Hydrology in China Coastal Sea[M]. Beijing:China Ocean Press,2005.
    郭炳火,黄振宗,李培英,等. 中国近海及邻近海域海洋环境[M]. 北京:海洋出版社,2004. Guo Binghuo,Huang Zhenzong,Li Peiying,et al. Marine Environment of China Offshore and its Adjacent Areas[M]. Beijing:China Ocean Press,2004.
    Wong G T F,Ku T L,Mulholland M,et al. The SouthEast Asian Time-series Study(SEATS) and the biogeochemistry of the South China Sea——An overview[J]. Deep-Sea Research Part Ⅱ:Topical Studies in Oceanography,2007,54(14/15):1434-1447.
    Jennerjahn T C,Liebezeit G,Kempe S,et al. Particle Flux in the Northern South China Sea[M]//Jin X L,Kudrass H R,Pautot G. Marine Geology and Geophysics of the South China Sea. Beijing:China Ocean Press,1992:228-235.
    Wiesner M G,Zheng L,Wong H K,et al. Fluxes of particulate matter in the South China Sea[M]. Ittekkot V. Particle Flux in the Ocean. New York:John Wiley and Sons,1996:91-154.
    Baker E T,Milburn H B,Tennant D A. Field assessment of sediment trap efficiency under varying flow conditions[J]. Journal of Marine Research,1988,46(3):573-592.
    Lewis S E,Bainbridge Z T,Kuhnert P M,et al. Calculating sediment trapping efficiencies for reservoirs in tropical settings:a case study from the Burdekin Falls Dam,NE Australia[J]. Water Resources Research,2013,49(2):1017-1029.
    Mulu A,Dwarakish G S. Different approach for using trap efficiency for estimation of reservoir sedimentation. an overview[J]. Aquatic Procedia,2015,4:847-852.
    Bauerfeind E,Bodungen B V. Underestimation of biogenic silicon flux due to dissolution in sediment trap samples[J]. Marine Geology,2006,226(3/4):297-306.
    Noji T T,Børsheim K Y,Rey F,et al. Dissolved organic carbon associated with sinking can be crucial for estimates of vertical carbon flux[J]. Sarsia,1999,84(2):129-135.
    Lee C,Cronin C. Particulate amino acids in the sea:effects of primary productivity and biological decomposition[J]. Journal of Marine Research,1984,42(4):1075-1097.
    Lee C,Hedges J I,Wakeham S G,et al. Effectiveness of various treatments in retarding microbial activity in sediment trap material and their effects on the collection of swimmers[J]. Limnology and Oceanography,1992,37(1):117-130.
    Huang B Q,Jian Z M,Wang P X. Benthic foraminiferal fauna turnover at 2.1 Ma in the northern South China Sea[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,2007,52(6):839-843.
    King P,Kennedy H,Newton P P,et al. Analysis of total and organic carbon and total nitrogen in settling oceanic particles and a marine sediment:an interlaboratory comparison[J]. Marine Chemistry,1998,60(3/4):203-216.
    Froelich P N. Analysis of organic carbon in marine sediments[J]. Limnology and Oceanography,1980,25(3):564-572.
    DeMaster D J. The supply and accumulation of silica in the marine environment[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,1981,45(10):1715-1732.
    Grasshoff K,Kremling K,Ehrhardt M. Methods of Seawater Analysis[M]. New York:John Wiley & Sons,2009.
    Hung J J,Wang S M,Chen Y L. Biogeochemical controls on distributions and fluxes of dissolved and particulate organic carbon in the Northern South China Sea[J]. Deep-Sea Research Part Ⅱ:Topical Studies in Oceanography,2007,54(14/15):1486-1503.
    Hopkinson C S,Vallino J J. Efficient export of carbon to the deep ocean through dissolved organic matter[J]. Nature,2005,433(7022):142-145.
    石晓勇,李鸿妹,韩秀荣,等. 夏季南海北部典型中尺度物理过程对营养盐及溶解氧分布特征的影响[J]. 环境科学学报,2014,34(3):695-703. Shi Xiaoyong,Li Hongmei,Han Xiurong,et al. Influence of typical mesoscale oceanographical process on the distribution of nutrients and dissolved oxygen in the Northern part of South China Sea in summer[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2014,34(3):695-703.
    陈建芳,郑连福,Wiesner M G,等. 基于沉积物捕获器的南海表层初级生产力及输出生产力估算[J]. 科学通报,1998,43(6):639-642. Chen Jianfang,Zheng Lianfu,Wiesner M G,et al. Estimations of primary production and export production in the South China Sea based on sediment trap experiments[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,1998,43(7):583-586.
    陈文斌,徐鲁强. 南海北部颗粒通量的初步研究[M]//郑连福,陈文斌. 南海海洋沉积作用过程与地球化学研究. 北京:海洋出版社,1993:201. Chen Wenbin,Xu Luqiang. The Particle Flux in the Northern South China Sea[M]//Zheng Lianfu,ChenWenbin. The Marine Sedimentation and Geochemical Studies in South China Sea. Beijing:China Ocean Press,1993:201.
    陈建芳,徐鲁强,郑连福,等. 南海北部时间系列沉降颗粒的有机地球化学特征及意义[J]. 地球化学,1997,26(6):47-56. Chen Jianfang,Xu Luqiang,Zheng Lianfu,et al. Organic geochemical characteristics and implications of time-series settling particles from the Northern South China Sea[J]. Geochimica,1997,26(6):47-56.
    徐鲁强,陈建芳,郑连福. 南海北部沉降颗粒物中的糖类分布[J]. 海洋通报,1996,15(4):29-36. Xu Luqiang,Chen Jianfang,Zheng Lianfu. The distribution of settling particulate carbohy-drates in the Northern South China Sea[J]. Marine Science Bulletin,1996,15(4):29-36.
    徐鲁强,陈建芳,唐运千,等. 南海北部沉降颗粒氨基酸通量及生物地球化学意义[J]. 海洋学报,1997,19(2):57-64. Xu Luqiang,Chen Jianfang,Tang Yunqian,et al. The settling particle flux of amino acid and its biogeochemistry meaning in the Northern South China Sea[J].Haiyang Xuebao,1997,19(2):57-64.
    Iversen M H,Ploug H. Ballast minerals and the sinking carbon flux in the ocean:carbon-specific respiration rates and sinking velocity of marine snow aggregates[J]. Biogeosciences,2010,7(9):2613-2624.
    Fowler S W,Knauer G A. Role of large particles in the transport of elements and organic compounds through the oceanic water column[J]. Progress in Oceanography,1986,16(3):147-194.
    Buesseler K O,Antia A N,Chen M,et al. An assessment of the use of sediment traps for estimating upper ocean particle fluxes[J]. Journal of Marine Research,2007,65:345-416.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  813
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2
  • PDF下载量:  765
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-22
  • 修回日期:  2015-09-27

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回