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阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度过程的能量分析

赵若楠 李刚 何宜军

赵若楠,李刚,何宜军. 阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度过程的能量分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(1):27–38 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024070
引用本文: 赵若楠,李刚,何宜军. 阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度过程的能量分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(1):27–38 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024070
Zhao Ruonan,Li Gang,He Yijun. Energy analysis of submesoscale processes in the Agulhas current system[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(1):27–38 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024070
Citation: Zhao Ruonan,Li Gang,He Yijun. Energy analysis of submesoscale processes in the Agulhas current system[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(1):27–38 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024070

阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度过程的能量分析

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024070
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重大仪器设备研制项目(42027805)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵若楠(1999—),女,内蒙古自治区呼和浩特市人,从事海洋亚中尺度过程研究。E-mail:20211209013@nuist.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    何宜军(1963—),男,教授,从事海洋微波遥感研究。E-mail:yjhe@nuist.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P731.21

Energy analysis of submesoscale processes in the Agulhas current system

  • 摘要: 本文基于(1/48)°MITgcm数值模拟结果,通过频率−波数谱分析等方法分离地转平衡和非地转运动,分析了阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度的分布特征,讨论了其季节性变化的主要影响因素。结果表明,阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度过程具有冬强夏弱的显著季节变化特征,混合层斜压不稳定是影响该流域亚中尺度季节性差异的主要原因。此外,在涡动能较强的区域,地转平衡运动始终主导亚中尺度过程,季节性变化较小;在涡动能较弱的区域,地转平衡与非地转分量具有明显的季节性差异,局地混合层浅化可能是导致夏季非地转分量贡献增加的主要机制。本文研究结果有助于进一步探究阿古拉斯流域亚中尺度的季节性变化及其主导因素,地转平衡与非地转运动的有效分离加强了我们对海洋多尺度之间能量传递的理解。
  • 图  1  阿古拉斯流域水深及主要流场分布(a)与2011年10月至2012年9月海表面时间平均涡动能分布(b)

    图b中黑色矩形框为选取的研究子区域

    Fig.  1  The distribution of water depth and main flow field in Agulhas Current (a) and the surface time average eddy kinetic energy from October 2011 to September 2012 (b)

    The black contours in figure b are the selected research subregions

    图  2  研究海域海表层相对涡度$ \zeta $(a, c)与中尺度水平应变率MSR(b, d)在1月15日(a, b)和7月15日(c, d)日平均水平分布情况(数据均以行星涡度$ f $标准化)

    黑色矩形框为选取的研究子区域

    Fig.  2  The daily mean distributions of surface relative vorticity $ \zeta $ (a, c) and horizontal mesoscale strain rate MSR (b, d) on January 15 (a, b) and on July 15 (c, d) in study sea area (the data are standaridized by planetary vorticity f)

    Black rectangular boxes are the selected research subregions

    图  3  研究海域海表层中尺度锋生趋势F(a, c)和锋面强度M(b, d)在1月15日(a, b)和7月15日(c, d)日平均水平分布情况

    黑色矩形框为选取的研究子区域

    Fig.  3  The daily mean distributions of mesoscale frontal tendency F (a, c) and frontal sharpness M (b, d) on January 15 (a, b) and on July 15 (c, d) in study sea area

    Black rectangular boxes are the selected research subregions

    图  4  R1(a)、R2(b)、R3(c)和R4(d)各区域中尺度锋生趋势F(蓝色曲线)和锋面强度M(红色曲线)的时间变化

    Fig.  4  Time series of mesoscale frontal tendency F (blue line) and frontal sharpness M (red line) in R1 (a), R2 (b), R3 (c) and R4 (d)

    图  5  研究海域海表层位涡PV(a, d)及其垂向分量$ {q}_{{\mathrm{vert}}} $(b, e)和水平斜压分量$ {q}_{{\mathrm{bc}}} $(c, f)在1月15日(a−c)和7月15日(e−f)日平均水平分布情况

    黑色矩形框为选取的研究子区域

    Fig.  5  The daily mean distributions of surface potential vorticity PV (a, d) and its vertical component $ {q}_{{\mathrm{vert}}} $ (b, e) and horizontal baroclinic component $ {q}_{{\mathrm{bc}}} $ (c, f) on January 15 (a−c) and on July 15 (e−f) in research sea area

    Black rectangular boxes are the selected research subregions

    图  6  R1(a, e)、R2(b, f)、R3(c, g)和R4(d, h)各区域平均相对涡度$ \zeta /f $均方根(a−d)与PKE(e−h)随时间和深度的变化情况

    黑色实线为混合层深度

    Fig.  6  Variations of averaged the RMS of $ \zeta /f $ (a−d) and the PKE (e−h) over time and depth in R1 (a, e), R2 (b, f), R3 (c, g) and R4 (d, h)

    Solid black lines denote the averaged mixed-layer depth

    图  7  R1(a)、R2(b)、R3(c)和R4(d)各子区域年涡动能频率−波数谱分析结果及其对应频率谱

    蓝色虚线代表潮汐频带M2、N2、K1和O1,白色虚线为第1~10斜压模态下的惯性重力波频散曲线,黑色实线为动态频率以划分地转与非地转运动的频率上(下)限

    Fig.  7  The frequency-wavenumber spectra distributions of surface eddy kinetic energy and their frequency spectra in R1 (a), R2 (b), R3 (c) and R4 (d)

    Dashed bule lines denote the tidal constituent M2, N2, K1, O1, and the dashed white lines denote inertia-gravity frequencies, solid black lines denote the dynamic frequency to divide the upper (lower) frequency limits of geostrophic balanced and unbalanced motion

    图  8  R1(a, e)、R2(b, f)、R3(c, g)和R4(d, h)各区域夏(a−d)、冬(e−h)两季波数谱

    灰色虚线表示${K^{-3}} $和${K^{-2}} $斜率参考线;黑色虚线为过渡尺度Lt

    Fig.  8  Wave number spectrum in R1 (a, e), R2 (b, f), R3 (c, g) and R4 (d, h) in summer (a−d) and winter (e−h)

    Gray dashed lines denote the ${K^{-3}} $ and ${K^{-2}} $ reference spectra, vertical black dashed lines denote the Lt

    图  9  R1、R2、R3和R4各区域亚中尺度动能占总动能比(a)和亚中尺度非地转动能占亚中尺度动能比(b)

    Fig.  9  The ratio of submesoscale kinetic energy to total kinetic energy (a) and submesoscale unbalanced kinetic energy to submesoscale kinetic energy (b) in subregions R1, R2, R3, and R4

    图  10  R1(a)、R2(b)、R3(c)和R4(d)各区域亚中尺度下地转动能与非地转动能比值(红色折线)、过渡尺度$ Lt $(蓝色折线)和混合层深度(黄色折线)逐月分布

    Fig.  10  Monthly variation of the ratio of submesoscale geostrophic balanced energy to unbalanced energy (red line), transition scale $ Lt $ (blue line) and mixed layer depth (yellow line) in R1 (a), R2 (b), R3 (c) and R4 (d)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-13
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-27
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-01

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