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烟台长岛秋季海洋牧场内外大型底栖动物群落特征分析

衣帆 王娇 刘航 陈静 陈琳琳 李晓静 李学鹏 李宝泉

衣帆,王娇,刘航,等. 烟台长岛秋季海洋牧场内外大型底栖动物群落特征分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(x):1–11 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024056
引用本文: 衣帆,王娇,刘航,等. 烟台长岛秋季海洋牧场内外大型底栖动物群落特征分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(x):1–11 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024056
Yi Fan,Wang Jiao,Liu Hang, et al. Analysis on the characteristics of macrobenthic animal communities inside and outside the autumn marine ranch on Yantai Changdao Island[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(x):1–11 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024056
Citation: Yi Fan,Wang Jiao,Liu Hang, et al. Analysis on the characteristics of macrobenthic animal communities inside and outside the autumn marine ranch on Yantai Changdao Island[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(x):1–11 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024056

烟台长岛秋季海洋牧场内外大型底栖动物群落特征分析

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024056
基金项目: 烟台市海洋牧场本底调查及海洋牧场效果评价项目(SDGP370600000202202000671A001);长岛海域海洋牧场和增殖放流效果评价及生态渔业适宜性分析(民生公益类)项目(2022MSGY064);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2021QD158)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    衣帆(1998—),女,山东省烟台市人,从事海洋牧场及底栖生物生理生态研究。E-mail:yifan_april@163.com

    通讯作者:

    李宝泉(1972—),男,研究员,主要从事海洋生物学研究。E-mail: bqli@yic.ac.cn;李学鹏(1988—),男,副教授,主要从事水产动物疾病与免疫防控研究。E-mail: Lixuepeng20@ytu.edu.cn

Analysis on the characteristics of macrobenthic animal communities inside and outside the autumn marine ranch on Yantai Changdao Island

  • 摘要: 为明确烟台长岛海洋牧场大型底栖动物群落组成及其分布特征,评估海洋牧场对大型底栖动物的影响,2022年10月在该海域牧场内外设置采样站位,开展大型底栖动物调查,并进行大型底栖动物群落特征分析。本航次共采集和鉴定了88种大型底栖动物,牧场内和对照区物种数量相近,但优势类群不同。在牧场内共鉴定出了70种,以软体动物为优势类群,对照区有69种,以环节动物为优势类群。共发现8种优势种,其中牧场内3种软体动物,对照区有6种,包括软体动物2种、棘皮动物1种和环节动物3种。大型底栖动物的平均丰度和生物量牧场内均显著高于对照区,但Margalef物种丰富度指数(dPielou均匀度指数(J')和Shannon-Wiener多样性指数(H')在牧场内外相差较小。聚类分析(CLUSTER)和非度量多维标度排序分析(NMDS)结果表明,海洋牧场内外各站位相似性程度较低。AMBI和m-AMBI分析显示,研究海域总体受污染扰动较小,表明底栖生态健康较好。结合历史资料发现,调查区域大型底栖动物群落物种丰度和生物量均有较大增加,表明海洋牧场的发展对大型底栖动物群落的生长发育有一定程度的影响。
  • 图  1  烟台长岛海洋牧场大型底栖动物调查站位

    Fig.  1  Macrobenthos sampling stations at the Changdao marine ranch of Yantai

    图  2  大型底栖动物群落物种组成与分布

    Fig.  2  Species composition and distribution of macrobenthic community

    图  3  大型底栖动物群落多样性指数空间变化

    Fig.  3  The diversity index of macrobenthos in the study area

    图  4  烟台长岛海洋牧场大型底栖动物群落的CLUSTER聚类分析

    Fig.  4  CLUSTER analysis plots of macrobenthos at Changdao marine ranch of Yantai

    图  5  烟台长岛海洋牧场大型底栖动物群落的NMDS标序结果

    Fig.  5  NMDS plots of macrobenthos at Changdao marine ranch of Yantai

    表  1  研究区域大型底栖动物群落优势种

    Tab.  1  The dominant species of macrobenthos community in the study area

    拉丁文名优势度
    牧场内对照区
    软体
    动物
    江户明樱蛤Moerella jedoensis0.022
    宫田神角蛤Semelangulus miyatensis0.029
    菲律宾蛤仔Ruditapes philippinarum0.038
    胶州湾顶管角贝Episiphon kiaochowwanense0.0200.037
    棘皮
    动物
    日本倍棘蛇尾Amphioplus japonicus0.049
    环节
    动物
    寡节甘吻沙蚕Glycinde gurjanovae0.039
    长吻沙蚕Glycera chirori0.025
    不倒翁虫Sternaspis scutata0.020
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  大型底栖动物主要类群丰度(ind./m2)和生物量(g/m2)的区域变化

    Tab.  2  The regional abundance (ind./m2) and biomass (g/m2) of benthic macrofauna main groups

    类群指标牧场内对照区整体海域
    多毛类
    丰度68 ± 3.8878 ± 4.3573 ± 2.03
    生物量0.92 ± 1.950.80 ± 1.840.86 ± 1.86
    软体动物
    丰度294 ± 56.1450 ± 2.61172 ± 23.67
    生物量57.55 ± 204.482.63 ± 6.0830.09 ± 153.09
    甲壳动物
    丰度23 ± 1.9027 ± 2.0925 ± 0.99
    生物量0.73 ± 1.890.61 ± 0.770.67 ± 1.48
    棘皮动物
    丰度16 ± 1.5522 ± 3.1419 ± 1.10
    生物量3.65 ± 12.772.55 ± 2.943.10 ± 9.60
    其他类群
    丰度2 ± 0.302 ± 0.312 ± 0.15
    生物量0.26 ± 0.820.83 ± 2.740.55 ± 1.89
    总计丰度403 ± 54.25179 ± 6.35291 ± 22.89
    生物量63.11 ± 203.387.42 ± 7.7235.27 ± 152.39
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  牧场内大型底栖动物组内相似性分析

    Tab.  3  Analysis of intra group similarity of macrobenthos in marine ranch

    物种 拉丁文名 平均丰度 平均相
    似性/%
    贡献
    率/%
    胶州湾顶管角贝 Episiphon kiaochowwanense 2.76 2.86 11.94
    寡节甘吻沙蚕 Glycinde gurjanovae 2.36 2.86 11.92
    江户明樱蛤 Moerella jedoensis 2.85 2.45 10.21
    宫田神角蛤 Semelangulus miyatensis 2.73 2.40 10.00
    长吻沙蚕 Glycera chirori 1.78 1.47 6.15
    东方缝栖蛤 Hiatella orientalia 1.88 1.07 4.45
    日本倍棘蛇尾 Amphioplus japonicus 1.91 1.00 4.17
    耳口露齿螺 Ringicula doliaris 1.21 0.86 3.61
    博氏双眼钩虾 Ampelisca bocki 1.78 0.86 3.57
    不倒翁虫 Sternaspis scutata 1.79 0.85 3.53
    中蚓虫 Mediomastus sp. 1.60 0.70 2.93
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  牧场内外大型底栖动物组间差异性分析

    Tab.  5  Analysis of inter group dissimilarity of macrobenthos inside and outside marine ranch

    物种 拉丁文名 平均丰度 平均差
    异性/%
    贡献
    率/%
    牧场内 对照区
    菲律宾蛤仔 Ruditapes philippinarum 3.93 0.10 3.85 5.20
    日本倍棘蛇尾 Amphioplus japonicus 1.91 2.76 3.42 4.63
    宫田神角蛤 Semelangulus miyatensis 2.73 2.21 2.70 3.65
    江户明樱蛤 Moerella jedoensis 2.85 1.19 2.50 3.38
    中蚓虫 Mediomastus sp. 1.60 1.57 2.27 3.07
    不倒翁虫 Sternaspis scutata 1.79 2.21 2.15 2.91
    胶州湾顶管角贝 Episiphon kiaochowwanense 2.76 2.43 2.13 2.89
    博氏双眼钩虾 Ampelisca bocki 1.78 1.68 2.12 2.87
    长吻沙蚕 Glycera chirori 1.78 2.06 1.99 2.70
    寡节甘吻沙蚕 Glycinde gurjanovae 2.36 2.56 1.90 2.57
    东方缝栖蛤 Hiatella orientalia 1.88 0.41 1.77 2.40
    日本拟背尾水虱 Paranthura japonica 1.26 1.32 1.77 2.39
    长叶索沙蚕 Lumbrineris longiforlia 1.35 1.15 1.76 2.38
    耳口露齿螺 Ringicula doliaris 1.21 1.71 1.67 2.26
    日本刺沙蚕 Neanthes japonica 0.86 0.81 1.59 2.16
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  对照区大型底栖动物组内相似性分析

    Tab.  4  Analysis of intra group similarity of macrobenthos in control area

    物种 拉丁文名 平均丰度 平均相
    似性/%
    贡献
    率/%
    胶州湾顶管角贝 Episiphon kiaochowwanense 2.43 3.02 11.63
    寡节甘吻沙蚕 Glycinde gurjanovae 2.56 2.94 11.33
    不倒翁虫 Sternaspis scutata 2.11 2.67 10.26
    宫田神角蛤 Semelangulus miyatensis 2.21 2.00 7.70
    日本倍棘蛇尾 Amphioplus japonicus 2.76 1.83 7.03
    耳口露齿螺 Ringicula doliaris 1.71 1.70 6.54
    长吻沙蚕 Glycera chirori 2.06 1.53 5.87
    日本游泳水虱 Natatolana japonensis 1.30 1.28 4.92
    博氏双眼钩虾 Ampelisca bocki 1.68 0.90 3.46
    江户明樱蛤 Moerella jedoensis 1.19 0.54 2.07
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  研究区域各站点AMBI和m-AMBI结果

    Tab.  6  Results of AMBI and m-AMBI for each station in the study area

    区域 站位 物种数在各生态分组中的百分比/% 未鉴定物种
    比例/%
    AMBI值 扰动程度 m-AMBI值 健康状态
    牧场内 M1 25.0 16.7 50.0 8.3 0.0 0.0 2.125 轻度 0.59
    M2 64.0 12.0 16.0 8.0 0.0 0.0 1.020 未扰动 0.74
    M3 71.4 25.0 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.482 未扰动 0.77
    M4 14.3 71.4 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.500 轻度 0.58
    M5 58.8 38.2 0.0 2.9 0.0 5.6 0.706 未扰动 0.83
    M6 58.1 23.3 18.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.907 未扰动 0.81
    M7 43.5 42.0 14.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.065 未扰动 0.82
    M8 31.3 56.3 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.219 轻度 0.76
    M9 57.5 22.5 17.5 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.975 未扰动 0.82
    M10 37.5 50.0 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.125 未扰动 0.73
    M11 35.3 44.1 20.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.279 轻度 0.80
    M12 0.0 0.0 100 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.000 轻度 0.23
    M13 59.6 29.8 10.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.763 未扰动 0.94
    M14 47.1 28.2 24.7 0.0 0.0 1.2 1.165 未扰动 0.95
    对照区 C1 13.3 73.3 13.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.500 轻度 0.79
    C2 61.7 21.3 17.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.830 未扰动 0.87
    C3 33.3 39.6 27.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.406 轻度 0.87
    C4 44.8 44.8 10.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.983 未扰动 0.77
    C5 50.0 27.3 18.2 4.5 0.0 0.0 1.159 未扰动 0.69
    C6 32.3 35.5 25.8 6.5 0.0 6.1 1.597 轻度 0.85
    C7 57.1 38.1 4.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.714 未扰动 0.64
    C8 2.5 60.0 32.5 5.0 0.0 0.0 2.100 轻度 0.49 中等
    C9 35.7 42.9 21.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.286 轻度 0.69
    C10 28.6 32.1 39.3 0.0 0.0 3.4 1.661 轻度 0.88
    C11 38.8 46.9 12.2 2.0 0.0 0.0 1.163 未扰动 0.82
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-20
  • 修回日期:  2024-01-10
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