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瓯江口海域浮游动物群落结构与环境因子的相关性分析

王雨航 李尚清 叶深 唐未 秦松 范青松 邱文致 艾龙威 郑春芳 刘伟成

王雨航,李尚清,叶深,等. 瓯江口海域浮游动物群落结构与环境因子的相关性分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(x):1–13 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024042
引用本文: 王雨航,李尚清,叶深,等. 瓯江口海域浮游动物群落结构与环境因子的相关性分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(x):1–13 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024042
Wang Yuhang,Li Shangqing,Ye Shen, et al. Correlation analysis of zooplankton community structure and environmental factors in Oujiang River Estuary[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(x):1–13 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024042
Citation: Wang Yuhang,Li Shangqing,Ye Shen, et al. Correlation analysis of zooplankton community structure and environmental factors in Oujiang River Estuary[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(x):1–13 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024042

瓯江口海域浮游动物群落结构与环境因子的相关性分析

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024042
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFD0900805);温州河口渔业资源养护试点专项调查研究项目(05202251)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王雨航(1997—),男,江苏省南京市人,主要从事渔业资源方向研究。E-mail:wyh1060131354@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘伟成(1980—),男,高级工程师,主要从事渔业资源环境研究。E-mail:lwch80@126.com

  • 中图分类号: S932.4

Correlation analysis of zooplankton community structure and environmental factors in Oujiang River Estuary

  • 摘要: 为探究瓯江口海域浮游动物群落结构与环境因子的相关性,分别于2021年3月(冬季)、5月(春季)、8月(夏季)、11月(秋季)对瓯江口海域的浮游动物及海水温度、盐度、叶绿素a浓度等环境因子进行了4个航次的调查。结果显示共鉴定出浮游动物78种,其中包括16种浮游幼虫,隶属于8门14大类,夏季物种数最丰富(47种),冬季物种数最低(23种),优势种(Y ≥ 0.02)有17种,其中桡足类占8种,如中华哲水蚤(Calanus sinicus)、中华华哲水蚤(Sinocalanus sinensis)、太平洋纺锤水蚤(Acartia pacifica)和背针胸刺水蚤(Centropages dorsispinatus)等。浮游动物的年平均丰度为(162.95 ± 310.96)ind./m3,年平均生物量为(118.85 ± 62.80)mg/m3,存在明显的季节变化差异,春季丰度和生物量最高,秋季最低;冬季丰度比夏季高,生物量低于夏季。浮游动物Shannon-Wiener多样性指数(H')、Pielou均匀度指数(J')和浮游动物Margalef丰富度指数(D)年平均值分别为1.500 ± 0.702、0.656 ± 0.270和2.301 ± 1.087。Spearman相关性分析和CCA典范对应分析结果表明,海水温度、盐度、叶绿素a浓度和浮游植物丰度是影响瓯江口海域浮游动物优势丰度的重要环境因素。这为瓯江口环境季节变化对浮游动物的影响研究提供科学参考依据,为瓯江口生物资源的可持续发展提供基础资料和理论依据。
  • 图  1  瓯江口海域调查站位点

    Fig.  1  Sampling stations of Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    图  2  瓯江口海域表层海水温度、盐度和叶绿素a浓度的平面分布

    Fig.  2  Distribution of surface sea temperature, salinity and Chl a concentration in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    图  3  瓯江口海域浮游动物种类数分布

    Fig.  3  Zooplankton species distribution in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    图  4  瓯江口海域浮游动物生物量分布

    Fig.  4  Zooplankton biomass distribution in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    图  5  瓯江口海域浮游动物丰度分布

    Fig.  5  Zooplankton abundance distribution in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    图  6  瓯江口海域浮游动物多样性指数季节分布

    Fig.  6  Seasonal distribution of zooplankton diversity index in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    图  7  瓯江口海域浮游动物优势种与环境因子的CCA分析

    T:海水温度;Sal:盐度;Chl a:叶绿素a;PA:浮游植物丰度;sp1:中华哲水蚤;sp2:中华华哲水蚤;sp3:虫肢歪水蚤;sp4:太平洋纺锤水蚤;sp5:背针胸刺水蚤;sp6:精致针刺水蚤;sp7:亚强真哲水蚤;sp8:中华胸刺水蚤;sp9:钩虾sp.;sp10:糠虾幼体;sp11:磷虾类带叉幼体;sp12:短尾类溞状幼体;sp13:箭虫幼体;sp14:长额刺糠虾;sp15:短额刺糠虾;sp16:百陶箭虫;sp17:异体住囊虫

    Fig.  7  CCA analysis of zooplankton and environmental factors in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    T: Sea water temperature; Sal: salinity; Chl a:Chlorophyll a; PA: Phytoplankton abundance; sp1: Calanus sinicus; sp2: Sinocalanus sinensis; sp3: Tortanus vermiculus; sp4: Acartia pacifica; sp5: Centropages dorsispinatus; sp6: Euchaeta concinna; sp7: Eucalanus subcrassus; sp8: Centropages sinensis; sp9: Gammarus sp.; sp10: Mysidacea larve; sp11: Furcilia larvae; sp12: Brachyura zoea; sp13: Sagitta larvae; sp14: Acanthomysis longirostris; sp15: Acanthomysis brevirostris; sp16: Sagitta bedoti; sp17: Oikopleura dioica

    表  1  瓯江口海域浮游动物优势种的季节分布和平均丰度

    Tab.  1  Seasonal distribution and average abundance of dominant zooplankton species in Oujiang Estuary sea area

    序号 种名 冬季 春季 夏季 秋季
    优势度 平均丰度/(个·m−3 优势度 平均丰度/(个·m−3 优势度 平均丰度/(个·m−3 优势度 平均丰度/(个·m−3
    sp1 中华哲水蚤
    Calanus sinicus
    0.96 280.2 ± 435.5 0.03 304.1 ± 958.5 __ __ __ __
    sp2 中华华哲水蚤
    Sinocalanus sinensis
    / / 0.03 145.3 ± 407.5 __ __ __ __
    sp3 虫肢歪水蚤
    Tortanus vermiculus
    / / 0.02 90.4 ± 278.2 __ __ / /
    sp4 太平洋纺锤水蚤
    Acartia pacifica
    / / __ __ 0.38 44.3 ± 57.8 0.04 2.9 ± 4.6
    sp5 背针胸刺水蚤
    Centropages dorsispinatus
    / / / / 0.04 5.1 ± 5.4 0.08 6.8 ± 7.8
    sp6 精致真刺水蚤
    Euchaeta concinna
    / / / / 0.02 3.7 ± 5.9 __ __
    sp7 亚强真哲水蚤
    Eucalanus subcrassus
    / / / / __ __ 0.14 7.8 ± 15.3
    sp8 中华胸刺水蚤
    Centropages sinensis
    / / / / __ __ 0.05 6.9 ± 20.4
    sp9 钩虾sp.
    Gammarus sp.
    __ __ 0.17 483.2 ± 848.7 __ __ / /
    sp10 糠虾幼体
    Mysidacea larve
    / / 0.10 463.2 ± 1 146.4 0.02 6.1 ± 11.9 __ __
    sp11 磷虾类带叉幼体
    Furcilia larvae
    __ __ 0.02 57.6 ± 140.1 __ __ __ __
    sp12 短尾类溞状幼体
    Brachyura zoea
    __ __ __ __ 0.04 5.3 ± 7.0 __ __
    sp13 箭虫幼体
    Sagitta larvae
    __ __ __ __ __ __ 0.02 1.7 ± 1.9
    sp14 长额刺糠虾
    Acanthomysis longirostris
    / / 0.04 191.7 ± 568.1 __ __ __ __
    sp15 短额刺糠虾
    Acanthomysis brevirostris
    / / __ __ / / 0.02 2.3 ± 3.9
    sp16 百陶箭虫
    Sagitta bedoti
    / / __ __ 0.05 8.6 ± 13.1 __ __
    sp17 异体住囊虫
    Oikopleura dioica
    / / / / __ __ 0.03 2.4 ± 4.2
      注:sp:种类Species;“—”表示此物种不是优势种(Y<0.02);“/”表示未出现该物种。
    下载: 导出CSV

    Tab.  2  Sperman correlation analysis of zooplankton and environmental factors in Oujiang River Estuary sea area

    相关系数 桡足类 端足类 浮游幼虫 糠虾类 毛颚类 被囊类
    叶绿素a浓度/(μg·L−1) 0.619** 0.112 0.501** 0.443** 0.138 0.225
    水温/℃ 0.499** 0.211 0.577** 0.156 0.475** −0.045
    盐度 −0.217 −0.487** −0.337* −0.558** 0.217 0.163
    浮游植物丰度/(个·L−1 0.371* 0.477** 0.571** 0.241 0.283 −0.141
      注: “*”表示显著相关(p < 0.05),“**”表示极显著相关(p < 0.01)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-22
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-14

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