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南麂列岛附近海域贝类生物资源的分布及群落结构分析

周晓东 赵寒冰 倪孝品 张翔玉 徐坪 韩庆喜 陈万东 陈舜 王一农 尤仲杰

周晓东,赵寒冰,倪孝品,等. 南麂列岛附近海域贝类生物资源的分布及群落结构分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(x):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024038
引用本文: 周晓东,赵寒冰,倪孝品,等. 南麂列岛附近海域贝类生物资源的分布及群落结构分析[J]. 海洋学报,2024,46(x):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024038
Zhou Xiaodong,Zhao Hanbing,Ni Xiaopin, et al. Distribution and community structure analysis of shellfish biological resources in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(x):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024038
Citation: Zhou Xiaodong,Zhao Hanbing,Ni Xiaopin, et al. Distribution and community structure analysis of shellfish biological resources in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2024, 46(x):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024038

南麂列岛附近海域贝类生物资源的分布及群落结构分析

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2024038
基金项目: 南麂列岛国家海洋自然保护区管理局项目(812105360);国家自然科学基金项目(42076156)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    周晓东(1999—),男,广西壮族自治区南宁市人,研究方向为大型底栖动物生态学。E-mail:172316109@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王一农(1964—)男,教授,主要从事贝类、海洋生态研究。E-mail: wangyinong@nbu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: Q958.1

Distribution and community structure analysis of shellfish biological resources in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands

  • 摘要: 为了解南麂列岛附近海域底栖贝类群落特征及分布情况,于2022年10月(秋季)、2023年3月(春季)对南麂列岛周围海域进行底栖贝类的拖网调查。结果表明:共捕获底栖贝类49种,隶属2纲6目17科,春季底栖贝类平均丰度为(2 429 ± 2 038)ind./Agt ,平均生物量为(4 849.79 ± 2 513.84)g/Agt;秋季底栖贝类平均丰度为(1 149 ± 1 589)ind/Agt,平均生物量为(4 985.30 ± 2 159.23)g/Agt,主要优势种为棒锥螺Turritella bacillum、浅缝骨螺Murex trapa、结蚶Tegillarca nodifera、杰氏裁判螺Inquisitor jeffreysii、习见赤蛙螺Bufonaria rana、中华衲螺Cancellaria sinensis、白带三角口螺Trigonaphera bocageana,其中棒锥螺是春季和秋季共有优势种,且优势度均远高于其他种;该海域贝类群落优势种较稳定,群落的功能和性质由少数种类控制。本研究为南麂列岛海洋生态系统动态变化过程提供参考依据,为海洋生态环境保护提供基础资料。
  • 图  1  南麂列岛附近海域调查站位分布

    Fig.  1  Study area and sampling stations in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands

    图  2  春季南麂列岛附近海域底栖贝类丰度和生物量平面分布

    Fig.  2  Spatial distributions of abundance and biomass of benthic shellfish in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in spring

    图  3  秋季南麂列岛附近海域底栖贝类丰度和生物量平面分布

    Fig.  3  Spatial distributions of abundance and biomass of benthic shellfish in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in autumn

    图  4  春季南麂列岛附近海域底栖贝类均匀度指数、丰富度指数和生物多样性指数

    Fig.  4  The Margalef evenness index ($ D $), Pielou richness index ($ J $'), and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') of benthic shellfish in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in spring

    图  5  秋季南麂列岛附近海域底栖贝类均匀度指数、丰富度指数和生物多样性指数

    Fig.  5  The Margalef evenness index ($ D $), Pielou richness index ($ J $'), and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') of benthic shellfish in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in autumn

    图  6  春季南麂列岛底栖贝类动物群落结构相似性和 MDS排序

    Fig.  6  Cluster and MDS analysis of benthic shellfish assemblages in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in spring

    图  7  秋季南麂列岛底栖贝类动物群落结构相似性和MDS排序

    Fig.  7  Cluster and MDS analysis of benthic shellfish assemblages in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in autumn

    表  1  南麂列岛春、秋季底栖贝类名录

    Tab.  1  The list of benthic shellfish in spring and autumn of Nanji Islands

    序号 种名 春季 秋季
    腹足纲 Gastropoda
    锥螺科 Turritellidae
    1 棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum + +
    衣笠螺科 Xenophoridae
    2 光衣笠螺 Xenophora exuta - +
    3 太阳衣笠螺 Xenophora solarioides + +
    玉螺科 Naticidae
    4 真玉螺 Eunaticina papilla + +
    5 褐玉螺 Natica spadicea - +
    6 扁玉螺 Neverita didyma + +
    7 雕刻窦螺 Sinum incisum + -
    8 光滑窦螺 Sinum laevigatum + +
    嵌线螺科 Cymatiidae
    9 双节蝌蚪螺 Gyrineum bitubercularis - +
    蛙螺科 Bursidae
    10 习见赤蛙螺 Bufonaria rana + +
    蛾螺科 Buccinidae
    11 甲虫螺 Cantharus cecillei + -
    盔螺科 Galeodidae
    12 管角螺 Hemifusus tuba - +
    织纹螺科 Nassariidae
    13 节织纹螺 Nassarius hepaticus + +
    14 半褶织纹螺 Nassarius sinarum - +
    15 西格织纹螺 Nassarius siquijorensis + +
    16 红带织纹螺 Nassarius succinctus - +
    17 纵肋织纹螺 Nassarius variciferus - +
    骨螺科 Muricidae
    18 亚洲棘螺 Chicoreus asianus + +
    19 粒核果螺 Drupa granulata - +
    20 纹狸螺 Lataxiena fimbriata - +
    21 浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa - +
    22 脉红螺 Rapana bezoar + +
    23 瘤荔枝螺 Thais bronni + -
    24 疣荔枝螺 Thais clavigera - +
    衲螺科 Cancellariidae
    25 椭圆衲螺 Cancellaria eblonga + +
    26 中华衲螺 Cancellaria sinensis + +
    27 白带三角口螺 Trigonaphera bocageana + +
    塔螺科 Turridae
    28 细肋蕾螺 Gemmula deshayesii - +
    29 杰氏裁判螺 Inquisitor jeffreysii + +
    30 假主棒螺 Inquisitor latifasciata + +
    31 白龙骨乐飞螺 Lophiotoma leucotropis + +
    32 爪哇拟塔螺 Turricula javana + +
    33 假奈拟塔螺 Turricula nelliae spurius + -
    笋螺科 Terebridae
    34 白带笋螺 Duplicaria dussumierii + +
    35 双层笋螺 Duplicaria duplicata - +
    双壳纲 Bivalvia
    蚶科 Arcidae
    36 魁蚶 Anadara broughtonii + +
    37 联球蚶 Anadara consociata + -
    38 毛蚶 Scapharca kagoshimensis + -
    39 唇毛蚶 Scapharca labiosa + +
    40 结蚶 Tegillarca nodifera + +
    牡蛎科 Ostreidae
    41 密鳞牡蛎 Ostrea denselamellosa + +
    樱蛤科 Tellinidae
    42 刀明樱蛤 Jitlada culter - +
    43 红明樱蛤 Moerella rutila - +
    44 美女白樱蛤 Psammacoma candida + -
    45 忱蛤 Pulvinus scarlato - +
    双带蛤科 Semelidae
    46 理蛤 Theora lata + -
    帘蛤科 Veneridae
    47 刺镜蛤 Dosinia aspera - +
    48 薄片镜蛤 Dosinia corrugata + -
    49 波纹巴非蛤 Paratapes undulatus + +
      注:“+”表示该季节出现该物种;“-”表示该季节未出现该物种
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  春、秋季优势种及其优势度(Y

    Tab.  2  The dominant species and its dominance (Y) in spring and autumn

    种名 优势度
    3月(春季) 10月(秋季)
    棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum 0.78 0.65
    浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa 0.17 0.27
    结蚶 Tegillarca nodifera 0.08 0.06
    杰氏裁判螺 Inquisitor jeffreysii 0.08 0.08
    习见赤蛙螺 Bufonaria rana 0.08 0.16
    中华衲螺 Cancellaria sinensis 0.02 0.04
    白带三角口螺 Trigonaphera bocageana - 0.02
      注:“-”表示该物种Y < 0.02。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  南麂列岛附近海域春、秋季航次底栖贝类动物群落各组累计贡献率超过60%的物种

    Tab.  3  SIMPER similarity analysis on species in cumulative contribution (%) >60% in sea area adjacent to Nanji Islands in spring and autumn

    种名 贡献率/% 累计贡献率/%
    2023年3月
    聚类组A(平均相似度:74.99%)
    棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum 26.52 26.52
    浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa 15.38 41.90
    杰氏裁判螺 Inquisitor jeffreysii 10.70 52.60
    习见赤蛙螺 Bufonaria rana 10.64 63.24
    聚类组B(平均相似度: 77.43%)
    棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum 22.85 22.85
    浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa 16.01 38.85
    习见赤蛙螺 Bufonaria rana 11.14 49.99
    杰氏裁判螺 Inquisitor jeffreysii 10.23 60.22
    结蚶 Tegillarca nodifera 6.68 66.90
    聚类组C(平均相似度:74.01%)
    棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum 49.04 49.04
    浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa 14.02 63.07
    2022年10月
    聚类组A(平均相似度:73.18%)
    棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum 30.61 30.61
    浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa 18.31 48.92
    习见赤蛙螺 Bufonaria rana 13.23 62.14
    聚类组B(平均相似度:73.46%)
    棒锥螺 Turritella bacillum 24.97 24.97
    浅缝骨螺 Murex trapa 21.99 46.96
    习见赤蛙螺 Bufonaria rana 15.81 62.77
      注:春季聚类组D及秋季聚类组C、D少于两个站位。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-08
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-14
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