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南海北部的春季流场季节内变异个例分析

刘雪 梁楚进 蔺飞龙

刘雪,梁楚进,蔺飞龙. 南海北部的春季流场季节内变异个例分析[J]. 海洋学报,2023,45(12):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023173
引用本文: 刘雪,梁楚进,蔺飞龙. 南海北部的春季流场季节内变异个例分析[J]. 海洋学报,2023,45(12):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023173
Liu Xue,Liang Chujin,Lin Feilong. Cases study of intraseasonal variability of velocity happened in spring in the northern South China Sea[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2023, 45(12):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023173
Citation: Liu Xue,Liang Chujin,Lin Feilong. Cases study of intraseasonal variability of velocity happened in spring in the northern South China Sea[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2023, 45(12):1–12 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023173

南海北部的春季流场季节内变异个例分析

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023173
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘雪(1997—),女,广东省佛山市人,研究方向为流场季节内变化。E-mail:kudosl_ocean@163.com

    通讯作者:

    梁楚进(1966—),男,主要从事物理海洋学研究。E-mail:cjliang@sio.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: P731.21

Cases study of intraseasonal variability of velocity happened in spring in the northern South China Sea

  • 摘要: 在南海北部,与中尺度涡相关的季节内变异特征十分显著,通过比较不同时期流场的季节内变异特征,有助于揭示不同动力不稳定中尺度涡对季节内活动的影响。本文以南海北部2009年春季和2020年春季为例,分析了两个时期中尺度涡的动力不稳定性,从而探究季节内变异特征。基于潜标实测流速数据,本文进行了动能谱分析,结果显示这两个时期的流场季节内变异具有相似特征,显著周期分别为10~60 d和30~90 d。季节内信号主要出现在200 m以上的上表层水域,其中30~90 d的季节内流是对应观测期间的主要季节内成分。滞后回归分析和动力不稳定性的计算表明,2009年春季的季节内变异受移动快但强度弱的表层中尺度涡影响,动力不稳定性由斜压不稳定和正压不稳定共同调制;而2020年春季的季节内变异是受强斜压性的中尺度涡影响,通过流速垂向切变增强,从而较快地触发流场季节内变异的发生。本文研究结果有助于深入了解中尺度涡对南海北部季节内活动的影响机制,为海洋动力学和气候研究提供了重要的参考和理论基础。
  • 图  1  Niño3.4指数

    统计数据来自 NOAA,时间为2000‒2023年,两条蓝色虚线分别表示2008/2009年和2019/2020年,两条灰色虚线分别为±0.5℃海表温度异常

    Fig.  1  Niño3.4 index

    Statistical data from NOAA, 2000‒2023, the two dashed blue lines represent the years 2008/2009 and 2019/2020 respectively, the two gray dashed lines are±0.5℃ sea surface temperature anomalies respectively

    图  2  站位分布情况

    青色三角形为D1站位点,品红色三角形为D2站位点

    Fig.  2  Station distribution

    Cyan triangle is Station D1, magenta triangle is Station D2

    图  3  站位D1(a)和站位D2(b)不同深度的动能功率谱分析

    蓝色、红色和黄色线分别代表150 m、250 m和400 m深度

    Fig.  3  Kinetic energy power spectrum analysis at different depths at Station D1 (a) and Station D2 (b)

    Blue, red and yellow lines represent depths of 150 m, 250 m and 400 m respectively

    图  4  站位D1(a)和站位D2(b)各个主要周期动能的垂向分布

    上层图(a1, b1)为原始动能,中层图(a2, b2)为短周期的季节内动能,下层图(a3, b3)为长周期的季节内动能。a2. 10~60 d,b2. 10~30 d,a3. 60~90 d,b3. 30~90 d

    Fig.  4  Vertical distribution of major periodic kinetic energy at Station D1 (a) and Station D2 (b)

    The upper figures (a1, b1) are the original kinetic energy, the middle figures (a2, b2) are the short-period intraseasonal kinetic energy, and the lower figures (a3, b3) are the long-period intraseasonal kinetic energy. a2. 10‒60 d, b2. 10‒30 d, a3. 60‒90 d, b3. 30‒90 d

    图  5  2009年春季(a‒c)和2020年春季(d‒f),基于OW方法识别的表层中尺度涡及地转流

    青色三角形为D1站位点,品红色三角形为D2站位点;红星表示为当日反气旋涡中心,橙线为反气旋涡移动路径;蓝星表示为当日气旋涡中心,绿线为气旋涡移动路径

    Fig.  5  Surface mesoscale eddies and geostrophic current identified by OW method in spring 2009 (a‒c) and spring 2020 (d‒f)

    Cyan triangle is Station D1, magenta triangle is Station D2; the red star represents the center of the anticycle eddy , and the orange line is the corresponding moving path, while the blue star represents the center of the cycle eddy, and the green line is the corresponding moving path

    图  6  D1站位(a,c)和D2站位(b,d)的季节内动能(a, b)与对应季节内SLA的时间序列(c,d)

    Fig.  6  Time series of intraseason kinetic energy (a, b) and corresponding intra-season SLA (c, d) for Station D1 (a, c) and Station D2 (b, d), respectively

    图  7  D1站位点表层中尺度与季节内经向流滞后‒回归得到的海表面高度异常

    a‒d. “‒”表示为表层中尺度涡超前季节内流28 d、21 d、14 d、7 d;f‒i. “+”表示表层中尺度涡滞后季节内流7 d、14 d、21 d、28 d。青色三角形表示D1站位点

    Fig.  7  Sea level anomalies from surface mesoscale eddies and intraseasonal meridional flow lag-regression at Station D1

    a‒d. “‒” represents the intraseasonal meridional flow lead the surface mesoscale eddy 28 d, 21 d, 14 d, 7 d; f‒i. “+” represents the intraseasonal meridional flow lag the surface mesoscale eddy 7 d, 14 d, 21 d, 28 d. Cyan triangle represents Station D1

    图  8  D2站位点表层中尺度与季节内的经向流滞后‒回归得到的海表面高度异常

    a‒d. “‒”表示为表层中尺度涡超前季节内流28 d、21 d、14 d、7 d;f‒i. “+”表示为表层中尺度涡滞后季节内流7 d、14 d、21 d、28 d。品红色三角形表示D2站位点

    Fig.  8  Sea level anomalies from surface mesoscale eddies and intraseasonal meridional flow lag-regression at Station D2

    a‒d. “‒” represents the intraseasonal meridional flow lead the surface mesoscale eddy 28 d, 21 d, 14 d, 7 d; f‒i. “+” represents the intraseasonal meridional flow lag the surface mesoscale eddy 7 d, 14 d, 21 d, 28 d. Magenta triangle represents Station D2

    图  9  两个站位的潜标实测数据(a,c)与CMEMS再分析数据(b,d)对比

    上层图(a1‒d1)为流速u的对比,中层图(a2‒d2)为流速v的对比,下层图(a3‒d3)为温度的对比;其中,a3与b3的等值线为20℃等值线,c3与d3的等值线为17℃等值线

    Fig.  9  Comparison between the observed data of the two mooring stations (a, c) and CMEMS reanalysis data (b, d)

    The upper figure (a1‒d1) are the comparison of u, the middle figure (a2‒d2) is the comparison of v, and the lower figure (a3‒d3) is the comparison of temperature. Among them, the contours of a3 and b3 are 20℃ contours, and the contours of c3 and d3 are 17℃ contours

    图  10  D1站位点CMEMS再分析数据的季节内动能和不同水深的斜压变换项与正压变换项时间序列,对应季节内变异周期为10~60 d

    a. 季节内动能;b‒e. 不同水深的斜压变换项与正压变换项,分别为110 m、155 m、222 m、318 m

    Fig.  10  The time series of intraseasonal kinetic energy and baroclinic transformation terms and barotropic transformation terms of different depths in CMEMS reanalysis data of Stations D1, corresponding to the intraseasonal period of 10‒60 days

    a. Intraseasonal kinetic energy; b‒e. baroclinic transformation terms and barotropic transformation terms at respectively 110 m, 155 m, 222 m, 318 m

    图  11  D2站位点CMEMS再分析数据的季节内动能和不同水深的斜压变换项与正压变换项时间序列,对应季节内变异周期为30~90 d

    a. 季节内动能;b‒e. 不同水深的斜压变换项与正压变换项,分别为110 m、155 m、222 m、318 m

    Fig.  11  The time series of intraseasonal kinetic energy and baroclinic transformation terms and barotropic transformation terms of different depths in CMEMS reanalysis data of Stations D2, corresponding to the intraseasonal period of 30‒90 days

    a. Intraseasonal kinetic energy; b‒e. baroclinic transformation terms and barotropic transformation terms at respectively 110 m, 155 m, 222 m, 318 m

    表  1  D1潜标的配置与记录情况

    Tab.  1  Details of D1 instruments and recod

    观测时间 观测仪器 观测范围/m 采样时长/min
    2008年4‒10月 300k ADCP(向上) 8~104 10
    75k ADCP(向下) 104~586 10
    SBE37 76、106、136、166、226、256、316 10
    2008年10月至2009年4月 300k ADCP(向上) 8~104 10
    75k ADCP(向下) 104~584 10
    SBE37 76、106、166、256、316 10
    2009年4‒11月 300k ADCP(向上) 8~88 1
    75k ADCP(向下) 88~600 1
    SBE37 78、198、348 2
    2009年11月至2010年5月 300k ADCP(向上) 8~128 1
    75k ADCP(向下) 128~600 1
    SBE37 107、225、371 2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  D2潜标的配置与记录情况

    Tab.  2  Details of D2 instruments and recod

    观测时间 观测仪器 观测范围 /m 采样时长 /min
    2019年5月至
    2020年11月
    75k ADCP(向下) 10~450 60
    SBE37 166、471、779、988 2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  季节内流速与初始流速标准差之比

    Tab.  3  The standard deviation of ratio of intraseasonal flow to initial flow

    10~60 d 60~90 d 10~30 d 30~90 d
    D1‒150 m 0.414 4 / 0.556 7 0.510 3 / 0.600 9 / /
    D1‒250 m 0.334 4 / 0.541 5 0.848 8 / 0.902 1 / /
    D2‒150 m / / 0.306 2 / 0.306 2 0.649 1 / 0.851 5
    D2‒250 m / / 0.265 8 / 0.322 5 0.632 4 / 0.702 4
      注:行名为带通滤波的周期范围,表中左侧为纬向流的比值,右侧为经向流的比值,“/”表示没有进行相应周期带通滤波计算。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-09-28
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-03
  • 刊出日期:  2023-12-01

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