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渤海西南部小型水母群落特征与环境因子相关性研究

刘欣禹 徐子钧 张洪亮 李保磊 温国义 李笑语 沙婧婧 杜小媛 鲍萌萌 孙卓男 丁凯 齐衍萍 温若冰 曹婧

刘欣禹,徐子钧,张洪亮,等. 渤海西南部小型水母群落特征与环境因子相关性研究[J]. 海洋学报,2023,45(3):66–75 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023012
引用本文: 刘欣禹,徐子钧,张洪亮,等. 渤海西南部小型水母群落特征与环境因子相关性研究[J]. 海洋学报,2023,45(3):66–75 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023012
Liu Xinyu,Xu Zijun,Zhang Hongliang, et al. Characteristics of small medusae community correlated with environmental factors in the southwest of Bohai Sea[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2023, 45(3):66–75 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023012
Citation: Liu Xinyu,Xu Zijun,Zhang Hongliang, et al. Characteristics of small medusae community correlated with environmental factors in the southwest of Bohai Sea[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2023, 45(3):66–75 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023012

渤海西南部小型水母群落特征与环境因子相关性研究

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2023012
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2019YFC1407903);自然资源部北海局海洋科技项目(202202);北海分局海洋科技项目(202001)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘欣禹(1988-)女,山东省青岛市人,工程师,主要研究方向为海洋生态学。E-mail: liuliu.xinyu@163.com

    通讯作者:

    齐衍萍,高级工程师,主要从事海洋生态研究。E-mail:qiyanping@ncs.mnr.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: Q178.53

Characteristics of small medusae community correlated with environmental factors in the southwest of Bohai Sea

  • 摘要: 根据2020年8月至2021年5月对渤海西南部浮游动物调查的4个航次数据,分析该海域水螅水母、栉水母群落结构和季节变化特征,讨论了环境因子对小型水母丰度的影响。研究发现,渤海西南部小型水母种类组成和丰度分布存在季节变化,全年调查共发现小型水母13种,11种水螅水母、2种栉水母;春、夏、秋、冬该海域水母种数分别为4种、9种、7种和2种,丰度均值分别为30.74 ind./m3、30.78 ind./m3、12.08 ind./m3、0.57 ind./m3;优势种为嵊山秀氏水母(Sugiura chengshanense)、八斑芮氏水母(Rathkea octopunctata)、锡兰和平水母(Eirene ceylonensis)、半球美螅水母(Clytia hemisphaerica)、球型侧腕水母(Pleurobrachia globosa),优势种季节更替率平均为91.67%,呈现明显季节演替。水温和盐度是影响渤海西南部小型水母丰度季节变化的主要环境因子,春季水温回升及适宜营养盐含量促进小型水母生长繁殖,夏季桡足类为小型水母提供了丰富的饵料促进其生长,秋季群落主要受盐度的影响。根据渤海西南部小型水母风险种分布情况,推测夏季和秋季风险种旺发对拟建核电存在风险。
  • 图  1  渤海西南部调查站位

    Fig.  1  The sample stations in the southwest of Bohai Sea

    图  2  不同季节水母丰度分布

    Fig.  2  Distribution of medusae abundance in different seasons

    图  3  渤海西南部小型水母与环境因子的CCA排序

    WT:水温;DIN:无机氮;DIP:磷酸盐;DO:溶解氧;S:盐度;COD:化学需氧量;Copepods:桡足类

    Fig.  3  CCA ordination of small medusae and environmental factors in southwest of Bohai Sea

    WT: Water temperature; DIN: dissolved inorganic nitrogen; DIP: dissolved inorganic phosphorus; DO: dissolved oxygen: S: salinity; COD: chemical oxygen demand; Copepods: Copepods

    表  1  环境要素分析方法

    Tab.  1  Analysis methods of environmental factors

    序号环境要素方法
    1pHpH计法
    2溶解氧含量碘量法
    3化学需氧量碱性高锰酸钾法
    4磷酸盐含量流动分析法
    5无机氮含量流动分析法
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同季节水母种类组成名录

    Tab.  2  Species composition of medusae in different seasons

    序号类群学名拉丁学名夏季秋季冬季春季
    1水螅水母高手水母Bougainvillia sp.+
    2水螅水母八斑芮氏水母Rathkea octopunctata ++
    3水螅水母灯塔水母Turritopsis nutricula+
    4水螅水母小介螅水母Hydractinia minima +
    5水螅水母薮枝螅水母属Obelia spp.++
    6水螅水母嵊山秀氏水母Sugiura chengshanense++ +
    7水螅水母四手触丝水母Lovenella assimilis +
    8水螅水母锡兰和平水母Eirene ceylonensis+
    9水螅水母细颈和平水母Eirene menoni++
    10水螅水母半球美螅水母Clytia hemisphaerica+++
    11水螅水母四枝管水母Proboscidactyla flavicirrata+ +
    12栉水母球型侧腕水母Pleurobrachia globosa++
    13栉水母蝶水母Ocyropsis crystallina +
    注:+表示检出,−表示未检出。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各季节水母优势种及优势度指数

    Tab.  3  The dominant species and dominant degree of medusae in different seasons

    种类季节优势度丰度占比/%出现率/%
    球型侧腕水母夏季0.3945.5286.21
    锡兰和平水母夏季0.2735.1775.86
    半球美螅水母夏季0.0811.5965.52
    球型侧腕水母秋季0.6983.9582.76
    八斑芮氏水母冬季0.1887.2720.69
    嵊山秀氏水母春季0.3258.5655.17
    八斑芮氏水母春季0.0526.1517.24
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同季节浮游动物丰度及海水环境要素平均值

    Tab.  4  Average values of zooplankton abundance and seawater environmental factors in different seasons

    参数夏季秋季冬季春季p
    浮游动物丰度/(ind.·m−3180.20±105.5696.85±671.91163.92±568.72 078.68±171.69**
    桡足类丰度/(ind.·m−353.80±422.225.05±19.6185.64±275.831 678.11±162.11**
    水温/℃27.69±5.3712.56±2.12.69±4.4117.16±7.17**
    盐度30.95±1.2431.24±2.0231.96±1.5431.46±1.83**
    pH8.09±0.248.28±0.458.21±0.48.12±0.14**
    溶解氧含量/(mg·L−17.04±1.878.93±3.4211.44±2.727.52±2.76**
    化学需氧量/(mg·L−11.193±1.471.20±1.501.41±1.821.01±0.77**
    磷酸盐含量/(μg·L−110.94±66.024.185±9.048.99±14.343.89±5.14**
    无机氮含量/(μg·L−1315.43±856.2143.921±621.5248.09±722.677.25±199.5**
    注:**代表p<0.01。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-12
  • 修回日期:  2022-07-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-02
  • 刊出日期:  2023-02-01

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