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双齿围沙蚕对潮汐更替的行为响应

何为 房景辉 梁博 蒋增杰 毛玉泽 方建光 姜娓娓 高亚平

何为,房景辉,梁博,等. 双齿围沙蚕对潮汐更替的行为响应[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(x):1–8 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022152
引用本文: 何为,房景辉,梁博,等. 双齿围沙蚕对潮汐更替的行为响应[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(x):1–8 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022152
He Wei,Fang Jinghui,Liang Bo, et al. Behavioral response to tidal replacement of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(x):1–8 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022152
Citation: He Wei,Fang Jinghui,Liang Bo, et al. Behavioral response to tidal replacement of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(x):1–8 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022152

双齿围沙蚕对潮汐更替的行为响应

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022152
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(41876185);中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所基本科研业务费项目(20603022022020);中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费项目(2020TD50)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    何为(1997-),男,硕士,主要从事多毛类行为生态学研究。E-mail:1957434631@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    房景辉(1983-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事养殖生态学研究。E-mail:hui861@163.com

Behavioral response to tidal replacement of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

  • 摘要: 潮汐更替对潮间带生物的生理和行为影响显著,底内动物可以通过行为过程建立适宜的微环境适应潮间带环境变化。本实验通过行为学观测装置研究了双齿围沙蚕对潮汐更替的行为响应特征。实验设置3个温度梯度(15℃、20℃和25℃)和4个时间段(T1: 退潮前、T2: 退潮后、T3: 涨潮30 min内和T4: 涨潮30 min后),每个处理组有6个重复。结果显示,在同一时间段内,随着温度的升高(15℃、20℃、25℃),双齿围沙蚕的径向起伏频率、径向起伏泵水速率、轴向爬行速度和头尾对调次数呈增大的趋势,头尾对调一次的时间逐渐缩短。同一温度下,双齿围沙蚕在T3时间段内的径向起伏频率、轴向爬行速度、径向起伏泵水速率、径向起伏泵水效率、轴向爬行时间和头尾对调次数均高于其他时间段,头尾对调一次的时间均有少于其他时间段的趋势;T1和T4时间段内的所有运动指标均无显著差异(p>0.05)。20℃时,双齿围沙蚕在T3阶段比T1阶段的径向起伏频率和泵水速率增幅均高于15℃和25℃。同一时间段内,双齿围沙蚕径向起伏时间和轴向爬行时间的最大值和最小值均出现在20℃。15℃和20℃时,双齿围沙蚕在T1和T3阶段内的轴向爬行速度均无显著差异(p>0.05)。但是在25℃时,T3阶段内双齿围沙蚕的轴向爬行速度显著高于T1阶段(p<0.05)。结果表明,双齿围沙蚕的运动强度随温度升高而增强,在水温为20℃时,其在沉积物中的运动状态较佳。退潮后是双齿围沙蚕进行觅食沉积物的重要时间,其轴向爬行运动较为缓慢;刚涨潮时,双齿围沙蚕的运动强度显著增加;涨潮30 min后,双齿围沙蚕的运动逐渐恢复到与退潮前相近的状态。双齿围沙蚕可以通过一系列运动行为改善潮汐更替产生的不利条件。
  • 图  1  温度和时间段对双齿围沙蚕径向起伏频率的影响

    图中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);*代表同一温度不同时间段间存在显著差异(p<0.05);T1、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段;误差棒的长度代表标准误差(SE)的大小

    Fig.  1  The influence of temperature and time period on the radial undulating frequency of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

    Data with different letters are significantly different among different temperature at the same time period (p<0.05); data with * were significantly different among different time periods at the same temperature (p<0.05); T1, T3 and T4 represent before ebb tide, after ebb tide, within 30 min of rising tide and after 30 min of rising tide respectively; error bars represent 1 SE

    图  2  温度和时间段对双齿围沙蚕轴向爬行速度的影响

    图中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);*代表同一温度不同时间段间存在显著差异(p<0.05);T1、T2、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段;误差棒的长度代表标准误差(SE)的大小

    Fig.  2  The influence of temperature and time period on the axial crawling velocity of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

    Data with different letters are significantly different among different temperature at the same time period (p<0.05); data with * were significantly different among different time periods at the same temperature (p<0.05); T1, T2, T3 and T4 represent before ebb tide, after ebb tide, within 30 min of rising tide and after 30 min of rising tide respectively; error bars represent 1 SE

    图  3  温度和时间段对双齿围沙蚕径向起伏泵水速率的影响

    图中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);*代表同一温度不同时间段间存在显著差异(p<0.05);T1、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段;误差棒的长度代表标准误差(SE)的大小

    Fig.  3  The influence of temperature and time period on the pumping rate of radial undulating motion of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

    Data with different letters are significantly different among different temperature at the same time period (p<0.05); data with * were significantly different among different time periods at the same temperature (p<0.05); T1, T3 and T4 represent before ebb tide, after ebb tide, within 30 min of rising tide and after 30 min of rising tide respectively; error bars represent 1 SE

    图  4  温度和时间段对双齿围沙蚕头尾对调一次的时间的影响

    图中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);*代表同一温度不同时间段间存在显著差异(p<0.05);T1、T2、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段;误差棒的长度代表标准误差(SE)的大小

    Fig.  4  The influence of temperature and time period on the time of head-tail exchange of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

    Data with different letters are significantly different among different temperature at the same time period (p<0.05); data with * were significantly different among different time periods at the same temperature (p<0.05); T1, T2, T3 and T4 represent before ebb tide, after ebb tide, within 30 min of rising tide and after 30 min of rising tide respectively; error bars represent 1 SE

    表  1  温度和时间段对双齿围沙蚕径向起伏泵水效率的影响

    Tab.  1  The influence of temperature and time period on the pumping efficiency of radial undulating motion of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube (mL/pulse)

    温度/℃时间段
    T1T3T4
    150.17±0b0.19±0.01c0.17±0.02a
    200.21±0.01a0.23±0a0.21±0a
    250.21±0a0.21±0b0.20±0.01a
    注:表中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);T1、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  温度和取样对双齿围沙蚕头尾对调次数的影响

    Tab.  2  The influence of temperature and time period on the frequency of head-tail exchange of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube (pulse)

    温度/℃时间段
    T1T2T3T4
    150.43±0.13b0.17±0.07b1.14±0.26a0.14±0.09b
    200.92±0.20b0.17±0.04b1.00±0.37a0.42±0.15ab
    251.92±0.30a0.50±0.11a1.17±0.31a1.17±0.33a
    注:表中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);T1、T2、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  温度和取样对双齿围沙蚕运动时间的影响

    Tab.  3  The influence of temperature and time period on motion time of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube (min)

    运动类型温度/℃时间段
    T1T2T3T4
    径向起伏1513.79±1.68b13.00±2.23b14.49±2.05a
    2025.01±1.22a22.92±0.71a21.66±2.19a
    2520.12±3.60ab19.08±1.24a17.51±1.60a
    轴向爬行1511.80±1.96ab10.64±1.03a21.44±2.23a12.07±0.80a
    206.83±0.73b3.67±0.46b15.36±1.86a12.21±1.85a
    2514.09±0.46a9.50±2.00a17.84±2.20a15.83±0.39a
    注:表中不同字母代表同一时间段不同温度间差异显著(p<0.05);T1、T2、T3和T4分别代表退潮前、退潮后、涨潮30 min内和涨潮30 min后4个时间段。在干露状态时(T2),双齿围沙蚕无径向起伏运动,因此空白处无数据。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-24
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-13
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