留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

印度洋深海沉积物样品纯培养细菌的分离鉴定

姜钊 张卫花

姜钊,张卫花. 印度洋深海沉积物样品纯培养细菌的分离鉴定[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(4):104–113 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022070
引用本文: 姜钊,张卫花. 印度洋深海沉积物样品纯培养细菌的分离鉴定[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(4):104–113 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022070
Jiang Zhao,Zhang Weihua. Isolation and identification of cultivable bacteria isolated from deep-sea sediment samples of the Indian Ocean[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(4):104–113 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022070
Citation: Jiang Zhao,Zhang Weihua. Isolation and identification of cultivable bacteria isolated from deep-sea sediment samples of the Indian Ocean[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(4):104–113 doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022070

印度洋深海沉积物样品纯培养细菌的分离鉴定

doi: 10.12284/hyxb2022070
基金项目: 西藏自治区科技创新基地自主研究项目(XZ2021JR0003G);西藏自治区自然科学基金(XZ202001ZR0018G);西藏民族大学青年学人培育计划(19MDX01)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    姜钊(1990-),陕西省商洛市人,博士,研究方向为微生物资源及分类学。E-mail:xzmu_jiangz@163.com

    通讯作者:

    张卫花,讲师,研究方向为微生物资源及分子生物学。E-mail:xzmu_zwh@163.com

  • 中图分类号: Q938.8

Isolation and identification of cultivable bacteria isolated from deep-sea sediment samples of the Indian Ocean

  • 摘要: 为探索印度洋深海沉积物中纯培养细菌的多样性,本文对采自印度洋12个沉积物样品进行细菌纯培养分离,共获得343株细菌。所有细菌采用16S rRNA 基因进行比对分析,鉴定为4个门:厚壁菌门(Firmicutes)、变形菌门(Proteobacteria)、放线菌门(Actinobacteria)和拟杆菌门(Bacteroidetes),5个纲,13个目,26个科,39个属下的121个种。分离出的优势类群为链霉菌属(Streptomyces,分离率为16.53%)和芽孢杆菌属(Bacillus,分离率为8.26%),其中可能有12个潜在的新分类单元。研究结果表明,印度洋深海沉积环境中纯培养细菌资源丰富,潜在新物种较多;其次,分离培养方法与从海洋沉积物中获得的细菌物种多样性直接相关。
  • 图  1  取样点地理分布

    Fig.  1  The geographical distribution of sampling sites

    图  2  印度洋沉积物中放线菌16S rRNA基因序列邻近系统进化树

    Fig.  2  Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences of actinobacterial isolates collected from the Indian Ocean sediment

    图  3  印度洋沉积物中细菌16S rRNA基因序列邻近系统进化树

    Fig.  3  Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences of bacterial isolates collected from the Indian Ocean sediment

    图  4  所有沉积物样品中不同类群细菌菌株数目

    Fig.  4  Strain numbers of different bacteria groups isolated from all sediment samples

    图  5  不同培养基中分离的细菌菌株类群及数目

    Fig.  5  Strain numbers of different bacteria groups isolated from different culture media

    图  6  海洋环境分离到的可培养细菌类群比较

    Fig.  6  Comparison of culturable bacteria isolated from marine habitats

    表  1  印度洋沉积物采样点信息

    Tab.  1  Information of sampling sites from Indian Ocean sediment

    站位名纬度经度水深/m
    HF026°1′11.226″S97°46′3.168″E5 725
    HF042°57′26.370″S95°19′2.982″E4 810
    HF051°25′32.280″S94°20′11.039″E4 617
    HF060°27′52.800″S93°48′52.740″E4 527
    HF081°32′1.500″N81°2′59.219″E4 481
    HF101°33′15.180″N82°1′41.580″E4 426
    HF1310°0′2.700″N84°32′55.140″E3 571
    HF1410°0′9.480″N86°29′54.120″E3 515
    HF1610°0′13.380″N88°43′40.919″E3 386
    HF179°15′42.560″N89°7′41.820″E3 437
    HF188°45′38.880″N89°15′58.740″E3 471
    HF197°56′37.380″N89°26′33.600″E3 614
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  14种分离培养基

    Tab.  2  14 kinds of culture media

    编号名称配方
    M1 放线菌分离培养基 酪蛋白胨1 g、天冬酰胺0.1 g、丙酸钠4 g、K2HPO4 0.5 g、MgSO4·7H2O 0.1 g、 FeSO4·7H2O 1 mg、甘油1 mL、琼脂
    15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2~7.4
    M2 DA培养基 酪蛋白胨0.3 g、酵母膏0.1 g、葡萄糖0.01 g、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2~7.4
    M3 高氏一号培养基 淀粉20 g、KNO3 1 g、K2HPO4 0.5 g、MgSO4·7H2O 0.5 g、NaCl 0.5 g、FeSO4 10 mg、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2~7.4
    M4 淀粉−酪素培养基 淀粉10 g、酪蛋白0.3 g、KNO3 2 g、MgSO4·7H2O 0.05 g、K2HPO4 2 g、CaCO3 0.02 g、FeSO4 10 mg、琼脂 15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2~7.4
    M5 甘油−甘氨酸培养基 甘油20 g、甘氨酸2.5 g、K2HPO4 1 g、FeSO4 10 mg、MgSO4·7H2O 0.1 g、CaCO3 0.1 g、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.4
    M6 腐殖酸培养基 腐殖酸1.0 g、Na2HPO4 0.5 g、KCl 1.7 g、MgSO4·7H2O 0.05 g、FeSO4·7H2O 0.01 g、CaCl2 1 g、复合维生素 1 mL (维生素B1、维生素B2、烟酸、维生素B6、泛酸钙、肌糖、对氨基苯甲酸、维生素H 各0.5 mg、双蒸水1 000 mL)、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2
    M7 甘油−精氨酸培养基 甘油5 g、精氨酸1 g、葡萄糖1 g、K2HPO4 0.3 g、MgSO4·7H2O 0.2 g、NaCl 0.3 g、复合维生素 1 mL (维生素B1、维生素B2、烟酸、维生素B6、泛酸钙、肌糖、对氨基苯甲酸、维生素H 各0.5 mg、双蒸水1 000 mL)、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、
    pH 7.2
    M8 海藻糖−脯氨酸培养基 海藻糖5 g、脯氨酸1 g、(NH42SO4 1 g、CaCl2 2 g、K2HPO4 1 g、复合维生素1 mL (维生素B1、维生素B2、烟酸、维生素B6、泛酸钙、肌糖、对氨基苯甲酸、维生素H 各0.5 mg、双蒸水1 000 mL)、琼脂1g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.4
    M9 牛肉膏−蛋白胨培养基 蛋白胨10 g、牛肉膏3 g、丙酮酸钠3 g、KCl 2 g、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.0
    M10 棉子糖−组氨酸培养基 棉子糖10 g、组氨酸1 g、MgSO4·7H2O 0.5 g、FeSO4·7H2O 0.01 g、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2
    M11 改良海洋琼脂培养基 蛋白胨1 g、牛肉膏2 g、柠檬酸铁0.1 g、Na2CO3 0.16 g、柠檬酸钠4 mg、(NH4)NO3 1.6 mg、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、
    pH 7.2
    M12 ISP2 培养基 牛肉膏0.4 g、葡萄糖0.4 g、麦芽膏0.4 g、复合维生素1 mL (维生素B1、维生素B2、烟酸、维生素B6、泛酸钙、肌糖、对氨基苯甲酸、维生素H 各0.5 mg、双蒸水1 000 mL)、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 8.0
    M13 R2A培养基 牛肉膏0.5 g、眎蛋白胨0.5 g、酪氨酸0.5 g、葡萄糖0.5 g、可溶性淀粉0.5 g、丙酮酸钠0.3 g、K2HPO4 0.3 g、MgSO4·7H2O
    0.05 g、琼脂15 g、双蒸水1 000 mL、pH 7.2
    M14 海盐琼脂培养基 自来水1 000 mL、琼脂15 g、pH 7.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  分离菌株整体分布表

    Tab.  3  Overall distribution of isolated strains

    占总种数百分比/%
    放线菌门 1 6 13 20 71 58.7
    厚壁菌门 1 1 3 4 21 17.4
    拟杆菌门 1 1 1 1 3 2.4
    变形菌门 2 5 9 14 26 21.5
    总计 5 13 26 39 121 100
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  种分布百分比

    Tab.  4  Percentages of species distribution

    属名种数百分比/%属名种数百分比/%
    Streptomyces2016.53Gemmobacter21.65
    Bacillus 10 8.26 Corynebacterium 1 0.83
    Kocuria 6 4.96 Williamsia 1 0.83
    Staphylococcus 6 4.96 Brevibacterium 1 0.83
    Dietzia 5 4.13 Brachybacterium 1 0.83
    Rhodococcus 5 4.13 Kytococcus 1 0.83
    Microbacterium 5 4.13 Rathayibacter 1 0.83
    Arthrobacter 5 4.13 Citricoccus 1 0.83
    Nocardioides 5 4.13 Zhihengliuella 1 0.83
    Nocardiopsis 5 4.13 Blastococcus 1 0.83
    Planococcus 4 3.31 Macrococcus 1 0.83
    Paracoccus 4 3.31 Croceicoccus 1 0.83
    Pseudomonas 4 3.31 Porphyrobacter 1 0.83
    Dyadobacter 3 2.48 Sphingopyxis 1 0.83
    Erythrobacter 3 2.48 Martelella 1 0.83
    Mesorhizobium 3 2.48 Nitratireductor 1 0.83
    Janibacter 2 1.65 Phyllobacterium 1 0.83
    Gulosibacter 2 1.65 Psychrobacter 1 0.83
    Micrococcus 2 1.65 Alcanivorax 1 0.83
    Rhizobium 2 1.65
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  潜在新物种的16S rRNA基因序列比对结果

    Tab.  5  Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences of potential new species

    菌号相似菌株相似性/%
    YIM M12043 Planococcus donghaensis DSM 22276T 97.27
    YIM M12055 Pseudomonas kunmingensis HL22-2T 95.58
    YIM M12064 Mesorhizobium thiogangeticum SJTT 97.37
    YIM M12082 Dyadobacter tibetensis CGMCC 1.12215T 97.99
    YIM M12084 Mesorhizobium metallidurans STM 2683T 97.05
    YIM M12100 Mesorhizobium thiogangeticum DSM 17097T 97.28
    YIM M12113 Arthrobacter oxydans ATCC 14358T 97.87
    YIM M12116 Phyllobacterium myrsinacearum ATCC 43590T 97.28
    YIM M12122 Gemmobacter changlensis CCUG 53722T 94.88
    YIM M12139 Alcanivorax dieselolei CGMCC 1.3690T 92.66
    YIM M12140 Macrococcus brunensis CCM 4811T 91.40
    YIM M12148 Gulosibacter faecalis ATCC 13722T 97.05
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Arrigo K R. Marine microorganisms and global nutrient cycles[J]. Nature, 2005, 437(7057): 349−355. doi: 10.1038/nature04159
    [2] Bowler C, Karl D M, Colwell R R. Microbial oceanography in a sea of opportunity[J]. Nature, 2009, 459(7244): 180−184. doi: 10.1038/nature08056
    [3] 张偲, 等. 中国海洋微生物多样性[M]. 1版. 北京: 科学出版社, 2013.

    Zhang Si, et al. Diversities of Marine Microbes in China[M]. 1st ed. Beijing: Science Press, 2013.
    [4] Rochelle P A, Cragg B A, Fry J C, et al. Effect of sample handling on estimation of bacterial diversity in marine sediments by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis[J]. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 1994, 15(1/2): 215−225.
    [5] Wellsbury P, Mather I, Parkes R J. Geomicrobiology of deep, low organic carbon sediments in the Woodlark Basin, Pacific Ocean[J]. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2002, 42(1): 59−70. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2002.tb00995.x
    [6] Newberry C J, Webster G, Cragg B A, et al. Diversity of prokaryotes and Methanogenesis in deep subsurface sediments from the Nankai Trough, Ocean Drilling Program Leg 190[J]. Environmental Microbiology, 2004, 6(3): 274−287. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2004.00568.x
    [7] Inagaki F, Nunoura T, Nakagawa S, et al. Biogeographical distribution and diversity of microbes in methane hydrate-bearing deep marine sediments on the Pacific Ocean margin[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2006, 103(8): 2815−2820. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0511033103
    [8] Bidle K A, Kastner M, Bartlett D H. A phylogenetic analysis of microbial communities associated with methane hydrate containing marine fluids and sediments in the Cascadia margin (ODP site 892B)[J]. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 1999, 177(1): 101−108. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13719.x
    [9] Inagaki F, Suzuki M, Takai K, et al. Microbial communities associated with geological horizons in coastal subseafloor sediments from the sea of Okhotsk[J]. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2003, 69(12): 7224−7235. doi: 10.1128/AEM.69.12.7224-7235.2003
    [10] Heijs S K, Haese R R, Van Der Wielen P W J J, et al. Use of 16S rRNA gene based clone libraries to assess microbial communities potentially involved in anaerobic methane oxidation in a Mediterranean cold seep[J]. Microbial Ecology, 2007, 53(3): 384−398. doi: 10.1007/s00248-006-9172-3
    [11] 徐丽华, 娄恺, 张华, 等. 微生物资源学[M]. 2版. 北京: 科学出版社, 2010: 90.

    Xu Lihua, Lou Kai, Zhang Hua, et al. Microbial Resources[M]. 2nd ed. Beijing: Science Press, 2010: 90.
    [12] Arrieta J M, Arnaud-haond S, Duarte C M. What lies underneath: Conserving the oceans’ genetic resources[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2010, 107(43): 18318−18324. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0911897107
    [13] Schut F, De Vries E J, Gottschal J C, et al. Isolation of typical marine bacteria by dilution culture: growth, maintenance, and characteristics of isolates under laboratory conditions[J]. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 1993, 59(7): 150−161.
    [14] 王宏梅, 赵心清. 可培养海洋放线菌生物多样性的研究进展[J]. 微生物学通报, 2007, 34(5): 996−1000. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2654.2007.05.040

    Wang Hongmei, Zhao Xinqing. Progress in the bio-diversity studies of culturable marine actinobacteria[J]. Microbiology China, 2007, 34(5): 996−1000. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2654.2007.05.040
    [15] Mincer T J, Jensen P R, Kauffman C A, et al. Widespread and persistent populations of a major new marine actinomycete taxon in ocean sediments[J]. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2002, 68(10): 5005−5011. doi: 10.1128/AEM.68.10.5005-5011.2002
    [16] Terahara T, Kobayashi T, Imada C. An effective method based on wet-heat treatment for the selective isolation of micromonospora from estuarine sediments[J]. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2013, 29(9): 1677−1684. doi: 10.1007/s11274-013-1330-4
    [17] Li Wenjun, Xu Ping, Schumann P, et al. Georgenia ruanii sp. nov. , a novel actinobacterium isolated from forest soil in Yunnan (China), and emended description of the genus Georgenia[J]. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2007, 57(Pt7): 1424−1428.
    [18] Messick J B, Berent L M, Cooper S K. Development and evaluation of a PCR-based assay for detection of Haemobartonella felis in cats and differentiation of H. felis from related bacteria by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis[J]. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 1998, 36(2): 462−466. doi: 10.1128/JCM.36.2.462-466.1998
    [19] Kim O S, Cho Y J, Lee K, et al. Introducing EzTaxon-e: a prokaryotic 16S rRNA gene sequence database with phylotypes that represent uncultured species[J]. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2012, 62(3): 716−721.
    [20] Thompson J D, Gibson T J, Plewniak F, et al. The CLUSTAL_X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools[J]. Nucleic Acids Research, 1997, 25(24): 4876−4882. doi: 10.1093/nar/25.24.4876
    [21] Kumar S, Stecher G, Tamura K. MEGA7: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets[J]. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2016, 33(7): 1870−1874. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw054
    [22] Saitou N, Nei M. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees[J]. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 1987, 4(4): 406−425.
    [23] Wayne L G, Brenner D J, Colwell R R, et al. Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics[J]. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1987, 37(4): 463−464.
    [24] Stackebrandt E, Ebers J. Taxonomic parameters revisited: tarnished gold standards[J]. Microbiology Today, 2006, 8(4): 6−9.
    [25] Goodfellow M, Fiedler H P. A guide to successful bioprospecting: informed by actinobacterial systematics[J]. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2010, 98(2): 119−142. doi: 10.1007/s10482-010-9460-2
    [26] 徐盈. 南海沉积环境细菌分离方法及多样性研究[D]. 昆明: 云南大学, 2012.

    Xu Ying. Study on isolation methods and bacterial diversity in sediment environments from South China Sea[D]. Kunming: Yunnan University, 2012.
    [27] 张偲, 张长生, 田新朋, 等. 中国海洋微生物多样性研究[J]. 中国科学院院刊, 2010, 25(6): 651−658. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3045.2010.06.011

    Zhang Si, Zhang Changsheng, Tian Xinpeng, et al. The study of diversities of marine microbes in China[J]. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2010, 25(6): 651−658. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3045.2010.06.011
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  58
  • HTML全文浏览量:  49
  • PDF下载量:  12
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-16
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-25
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回