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中国北方砂栖纤毛虫的空间分布及其驱动因素

陈欣怡 粱月琴 郑伊珊 吴成倩 许媛

陈欣怡,粱月琴,郑伊珊,等. 中国北方砂栖纤毛虫的空间分布及其驱动因素[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(x):1–12
引用本文: 陈欣怡,粱月琴,郑伊珊,等. 中国北方砂栖纤毛虫的空间分布及其驱动因素[J]. 海洋学报,2022,44(x):1–12
Chen Xinyi,Liang Yueqin,Zheng Yishan, et al. Spatial distribution characteristics and driving factors of interstitial ciliates in northern China[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(x):1–12
Citation: Chen Xinyi,Liang Yueqin,Zheng Yishan, et al. Spatial distribution characteristics and driving factors of interstitial ciliates in northern China[J]. Haiyang Xuebao,2022, 44(x):1–12

中国北方砂栖纤毛虫的空间分布及其驱动因素

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上基金项目(42076103);国家重点研发计划(2016YFE0133700)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈欣怡(1998—),女,江苏省无锡市人,主要从事微型生物地理学研究。E-mail: 51203904027@stu. ecnu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    许媛,副研究员,主要从事微型动物群落生态学研究。E-mail: yxu@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: Q958

Spatial distribution characteristics and driving factors of interstitial ciliates in northern China

  • 摘要: 为深入了解不同地理尺度因素对驱动微型生物群落空间结构的相对影响,本研究于2020年10月调查了中国北方14个砂质潮间带的砂栖纤毛虫群落。结果如下:(1)检获纤毛虫105种,隶属26目65属,按丰度优势依次为帆口目、小胸目和环毛目。(2)黄、渤海两区域的环境因子存在显著差异,但纤毛虫群落组成趋于相似。(3)偏mental分析显示,环境条件较空间距离在纤毛虫群落组成的驱动中更为重要,其中盐度、粒度和海滩坡度是解释纤毛虫空间分布的最优环境因子组合,而潮差和溶解无机氮是次要影响因子。(4)沿海区域微型生物的强扩散效应在一定程度上掩盖了环境异质性影响。综上,由于沿海生态系统中微型生物受到更少扩散限制,在空间分布格局的形成上,环境条件的影响比空间距离更重要。本研究为海洋微型生物地理学提供了基础数据,有助于在全球变化背景下制定沙滩管理和保护规划。
  • 图  1  研究站位分布及海滩坡度计算示意图

    1.长兴岛海滨公园;2.鲅鱼圈沙滩;3.兴海沙滩;4.山海关老龙头海水浴场;5.唐山碧海浴场;6.金脉广场沙滩;7.大连金石滩;8.烟台第一海水浴场;9.爱莲湾;10.大辛家沙滩;11.石老人海水浴场;12.青岛银沙滩;13.日照荷兰假日海滩;14.连云港东西连岛海滩

    Fig.  1  Schematic illustration of study station distribution and beach slope computation

    1. Changxingdao Seashore Park; 2. Bayuquan Beach; 3. Xinghai Beach; 4. the Old Dragon’s head Bathing Beach; 5. Bihai Bathing Beach; 6. Jinmai-Square Beach; 7. Jinshi Beach; 8. the First Bathing Beach of Yantai; 9. Ailian Bay; 10. Daxinjia Beach; 11. Shilaoren Bathing Beach; 12. Qingdao Silver Beach; 13. Rizhao Dutch Holiday Beach; 14. Lianyungang Beach

    图  2  环境因子趋势图

    Fig.  2  Environmental factors trend graph

    图  3  各样点砂栖纤毛虫类群组成

    Fig.  3  The community composition of the ciliates at various sampling sites

    图  4  纤毛虫多样性的空间分布格局

    Fig.  4  Patterns of ciliate diversity distribution in space

    图  5  黄渤海砂栖纤毛虫群落NMDS排序图

    Fig.  5  A ranking map of interstitial ciliate communities in the Yellow and Bohai Seas based on the NMDS

    图  6  本研究中沉积物中值粒径(a, b)、孔隙水的无机氮含量(c, d)与砂栖纤毛虫群落物种数(a)、个体数(b)、藻食性(c)和菌食性功能群(d)关系的散点图

    Fig.  6  Scatter plots of SED (a, b), pore water DIN (c, d) in relation to the number of species (a), individuals (b), algivores (c), and bactivores functional groups (d) in this study's benthic ciliate community

    表  1  丰度优势物种在黄渤海的组成及分布

    Tab.  1  Composition and distribution of abundance-dominant species in the Yellow and Bohai Sea

    种名渤海黄海
    Acucyclidium atractodes+++++
    Aspidisca fusca+
    Aspidisca steini+++
    Chlamydodon triquetrus+++
    Chlamydonella derouxi+++
    Cristigera media+
    Cyclidium glaucoma++++
    Diophrys hystrix++
    Diophrys scutum++
    Discotricha papillifera+++++
    Epiphyllum soliforme
    Falcicyclidium citriforme+++++
    Falcicyclidium fangi++++
    Kentrophyllum fibrillatum++++
    Kentrophyllum setigerum++++
    Leptopharynx costatus++++
    Lopezoterenia paratorpens+
    Loxophyllum verrucosum+
    Mesodinium pulex++++
    Microthorax simplex+++++
    Mirodysteria decora+
    Paradiscocephalus elongatus++
    Peritromus faurei+
    Pleuronema coronatum+
    Pleuronema paucisaetosum++++
    Pleuronema setigerum+++
    Pleuronema wiackowskii++++
    Pseudomicrothorax agilis+
    Pseudoplatynematum dengi+
    Pseudoplatynematum denticulatum++
    Sathrophilus holtae++++
    Sathrophilus planus++
    Schizocalyptra aeschtae++
    Stephanopogon minuta++
    Trachelocerca sagitta++++
    注:+表示个体数量占总个体数量1%以下;++表示个体数量占总个体数量的1%~10%;+++表示个体数量占总个体数量的10%以上。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  纤毛虫多样性指数与环境因子的皮尔逊相关分析

    Tab.  2  Correlation investigation of ciliate diversity indices with environmental conditions using Pearson's correlation analysis

    sNJ'
    ORP−0.07−0.06−0.50
    S−0.14−0.23−0.15
    ${\rm{SiO}}_3^{2-} $−0.400.10−0.21
    ${\rm{NO}}_2^- $0.250.28−0.03
    ${\rm{NH}}_4^+ $0.320.51−0.18
    ${\rm{PO}}_4^{3-} $−0.070.370.09
    ${\rm{NO}}_3^- $−0.17−0.300.23
    DIN0.090.47−0.27
    TOC0.60**0.36−0.10
    Chl a0.63*0.55*−0.03
    SED−0.68**−0.400.39
    Slope−0.52−0.100.32
    maxTR0.43−0.200.19
    注:*在0.05级别(双尾),相关性显著;**在0.01级别(双尾),相关性显著。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  与群落结构相关性最密切的环境因子组合

    Tab.  3  The most closely connected environmental parameters with community structure

    变量个数相关系数组合因子
    30.613S、SED、Slope
    20.590S、SED
    40.574S、DIN、SED、Slope
    40.556S、SED、Slope、maxTR
    40.546S、${\rm{NH}}_4^+ $、SED、Slope
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  纤毛虫群落的非相似性与环境和空间距离间的Mantel检验和偏Mantel检验

    Tab.  4  Mantel and partial Mantel test for non-similarity between ciliate communities and environmental and spatial variables

    距离矩阵Rp
    环境因子矩阵0.6260.001
    环境因子矩阵 | 空间距离矩阵0.6280.001
    空间距离矩阵0.1670.074
    空间距离矩阵 | 环境因子矩阵0.1770.073
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-20
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-27
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-10

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